General Government

The General Government (German: Generalgouvernement, Polish: Generalne Gubernatorstwo, Ukrainian: Генеральна губернія) was an area of the Second Republic of Poland that was under Nazi German rule during the duration of World War II, from 1939 to early 1945. The Nazi government designated the territory as a separate administrative region of the Third Reich. It included much of central and southern Poland, including the major cities of Warsaw and Kraków. Following the German invasion of the Soviet Union in Operation Barbarossa in June 1941, the region of Eastern Galicia, formerly Polish territory which was invaded and annexed by the Soviet Union subsequent to the Nazi–Soviet pact, was incorporated into the General Government.

In terms of international and civil law, all of these acts were illegal from their inception, according to section III of the Fourth Hague Convention (1907) accepted by Germany. The area was not a puppet state; its rulers had no goal of cooperating with Poles throughout the war, regardless of their political orientation. The Nazi authorities made a determined effort to avoid even mentioning the name "Poland" in government correspondence. The only exception to this were the German-backed banknotes and coins (called 'zloty' and 'grosz') printed in 1940 in which the word was used for propaganda purposes. The government and administration of the General Government was composed entirely of Germans, with the intent that the area was eventually to become an ethnic German province. According to the Heim ins Reich initiative the only locals remaining were to be those of German descent.

Read more about General GovernmentName, History, Administration, Administrative Districts, Demographics, Economics, Resistance, The Holocaust in The General Government, Gallery

Other articles related to "general government, general, government":

General Government Chess Tournament
... General Government chess championships (Schachmeisterschaft des Generalgouvernements) were Nazi tournaments held during World War II in occupied central Poland ... Hans Frank, the Governor-General of General Government, was the patron of those tournaments because he was an avid chess player ...
Holocausto - Development and Execution - Early Measures - General Government and Lublin Reservation (Nisko Plan)
... of supporting the increased population in the General Government, Hitler had the deportations temporarily halted ... Minister Joachim von Ribbentrop treated the ensuing complaints by the Vichy government over the expulsions in a "most dilatory fashion" ... Jews in German-occupied Poland continued, and the deportation of Jews to the General Government was undertaken ...
Administrative Division Of Polish Territories During World War II - German Zone (1939-1945) - General Government
... block of territory was placed under a German administration called the General Government (in German Generalgouvernement für die besetzten polnischen Gebiete ... The General Government was subdivided into four districts, Warsaw, Lublin, Radom, and Kraków (Distrikt Krakau) ... A German lawyer and prominent Nazi, Hans Frank, was appointed "Governor-General of the occupied Polish territories" on 26 October 1939 ...
Polish Culture During World War II - Underground Culture - Education
6,000 teachers between 1943 and 1944 in four districts of the General Government (centered around the cities of Warsaw, Kraków, Radom and Lublin) ... Overall, in that period in the General Government, one of every three children was receiving some sort of education from the underground organizations the number rose to about 70% for children old ... education varied depending on whether it took place in the General Government or the annexed territories ...

Famous quotes containing the words government and/or general:

    No government ought to be without censors; and where the press is free no one ever will.
    Thomas Jefferson (1743–1826)

    We have wasted our spirit in the regions of the abstract and general just as the monks let it wither in the world of prayer and contemplation.
    Alexander Herzen (1812–1870)