GDAL (Geospatial Data Abstraction Library) is a library for reading and writing raster geospatial data formats, and is released under the permissive X/MIT style free software license by the Open Source Geospatial Foundation. As a library, it presents a single abstract data model to the calling application for all supported formats. It may also be built with a variety of useful command-line utilities for data translation and processing.
The related OGR library (which is part of the GDAL source tree) provides a similar capability for simple features vector data.
GDAL was primarily developed by Frank Warmerdam until the release of version 1.3.2, when maintainership was officially transferred to the GDAL/OGR Project Management Committee under the Open Source Geospatial Foundation.
GDAL/OGR is considered a major free software project for its "extensive capabilities of data exchange" and also in the commercial GIS community due to its widespread use and comprehensive set of functionalities.
Other articles related to "gdal":
... GDAL as of version 1.9.0 provides at least partial support for more than 120 raster geospatial data formats ... to directly create files and georeferencing them with the default GDAL compiling options ... SRTMHGT USGS ASCII DEM / CDED (.dem) USGSDEM GDAL Virtual (.vrt) VRT ASCII Gridded XYZ XYZ ...