Garapa (var. Guarapa) or Caldo de cana is the Brazilian Portuguese term for the juice of raw sugar cane. Sugar cane juice is consumed as a beverage worldwide, and especially in regions where sugarcane is commercially grown such as Southeast Asia, South Asia, and Latin America. Sugar cane juice is also known as "guarapo", "guarapo de caña", or "jugo de guarapo" in various dialects of Spanish, "ganne ka ras" or "roh" on the Indian subcontinent, "aseer asab" in Egypt, "air tebu" in Indonesia, Malaysia and Singapore, and "nước mía" in Vietnam. The drink is obtained by crushing peeled sugar cane in a small hand- or electric mill. It is then is often served cold with other ingredients added to the fresh juice, such as a squeeze of lemon or lime (in Brazil, Colombia, Cuba, India), pineapple (Brazil), passionfruit, ginger (India, Zanzibar) or ice. In India it can also be served with black salt or mint.
Sugar cane juice is especially popular among the Cuban expatriate community in Miami, where it is found in abundance at many locations in Little Havana. It is the national drink of Pakistan, where it is called "roh" and sold fresh by roadside vendors only. It is also one of the most widely consumed drinks in India, especially in the northern states of Punjab, Haryana, Himachal Pardesh, Rajasthan, and Uttar Pardesh. In Egypt, sugar cane juice is an incredibly popular drink served by almost all fruit juice vendors, who can be found abundantly in most cities. In both Indonesia and Malaysia, sugar cane juice is sold nationwide especially among street vendors. It is also bottled for local distribution in some regions and sold at food courts daily. In Singapore, it is sold in food courts only.
Due to its high sugar content, it is rich in calories. Garapa juice is the primary source of sugar cane derivatives such as raw sugar (obtained by evaporation and refining), cachaça or "caninha" and ethanol.
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