Galápagos Islands

Galápagos Islands

The Galápago Islands (official name: Archipiélago de Colón ; other Spanish names: Islas de Colón or Islas Galápagos) are an archipelago of volcanic islands distributed around the equator in the Pacific Ocean, 972 km (525 nmi) west of continental Ecuador, of which they are a part.

The Galápagos Islands and its surrounding waters form an Ecuadorian province, a national park, and a biological marine reserve. The principal language on the islands is Spanish. The islands have a population of slightly over 25,000.

The islands are geologically young and famed for their vast number of endemic species, which were studied by Charles Darwin during the voyage of the Beagle. His observations and collections contributed to the inception of Darwin's theory of evolution by natural selection.

The first crude navigation chart of the islands was made by the buccaneer Ambrose Cowley in 1684. He named the individual islands after some of his fellow pirates or after the British noblemen who helped the privateer's cause. More recently, the Ecuadorian government gave most of the islands Spanish names. While the Spanish names are official, many users (especially ecological researchers) continue to use the older English names, principally because those were the names used when Charles Darwin visited.

Read more about Galápagos IslandsPhysical Geography, Weather, History, Politics, Demographics, Travel, Conservation

Other articles related to "islands, island":

Galápagos Islands - Conservation - Environmental Threats
... and cattle, brought accidentally or willingly to the islands by humans, represent the main threat to Galápagos ... animals, lacking natural predators on the islands, are defenseless to introduced predators ... Also, these harmful plants are just a few of introduced species on the Galápagos Islands ...
List Of The Wild Thornberrys Episodes - Season 1: 1998–1999
... and Debbie discover an old treasure map on the Galapagos Islands, they set out to claim their ""riches."" Once the gold is discovered, however, greed sets in and the girls ... Galapagos Islands 05 ... Matadi or Bust September 15, 1998 The Thornberrys are in Africa along the banks of the Congo River. 13 ... Eliza-cology November 5, 1998 The Thornberrys are on the Galapagos Islands to film the return of the sea turtles ...
Eugenia Del Pino - Research and Career
... the Charles Darwin Foundation for the Galapagos Islands in the establishment of a program of scholarships for Ecuadorian students in the Galapagos Islands ... Her work for the Charles Darwin Foundation for the Galapagos Islands and her position as the only Ecuadorian citizen to have achieved international ...
Waldo L. Schmitt - Biological Expeditions
1927 Schmitt was aboard Fleurus at Deception Island 1933–1935, to the Galapagos Islands sponsored by G ... Roosevelt as naturalist on the Presidential Cruise to Clipperton Island, Cocos, and the Galapagos Islands ... investigating the possibility of establishing a biological station in the Galapagos Islands ...
List Of Volcanoes In Ecuador - Galápagos Islands
0.792°N 86.15°W / 0.792 -86.15 1996 Genovesa Island 210. 0°19′12″N 89°57′29″W / 0.32°N 89.958°W / 0.32 -89.958 - Marchena Island 1125. 0°20′S ...

Famous quotes containing the word islands:

    Consider the islands bearing the names of all the saints, bristling with forts like chestnut-burs, or Echinidæ, yet the police will not let a couple of Irishmen have a private sparring- match on one of them, as it is a government monopoly; all the great seaports are in a boxing attitude, and you must sail prudently between two tiers of stony knuckles before you come to feel the warmth of their breasts.
    Henry David Thoreau (1817–1862)