Gairaigo

Gairaigo (外来語?) is Japanese for "loan word" or "borrowed word", and indicates a transliteration (or "transvocalization") into Japanese. In particular, the word usually refers to a Japanese word of foreign origin that was not borrowed from Chinese, but primarily from English. Japanese also has a large number of loan words from Chinese, accounting for a sizeable fraction of the language. These words were borrowed during ancient times. Modern Chinese loanwords are generally considered gairaigo and written in katakana, or sometimes written in Chinese and glossed with katakana furigana.

For a list of terms, see the List of Gairaigo and Wasei-eigo terms.

Read more about Gairaigo:  Source Languages, Writing, False Cognates and wasei-eigo, Grammatical Function, Phonology, Gairaigo As A Built-in Lexicon of English, Misconceptions, Reborrowings From Japanese

Other articles related to "gairaigo":

Loanword Transmission Patterns - Changes in Pronunciation When Loaned
... Japanese, which has an enormous number of loanwords (gairaigo) ... Japanese often denotes gairaigo in the writing system with the use of カタカナ(katakana) ... Recently, most gairaigo have come from English, though there have been numerous loanwords borrowed from Dutch, German, French and other languages ...
Japanese Dictionary - Modern Japanese Lexicography - Specialized Dictionaries
... IMIDAS, Shūeisha, 1987-) Chiezō (知恵蔵, Asahi Shinbunsha, 1990-) Gairaigo jiten (外来語辞典) means "loanword dictionary" ... Here are some of the best gairaigo dictionaries ... Kihon Gairaigo Jiten (基本外来語辞典, Tōkyōdō, 1990), ed ...
Kanji - Readings - Other Readings
... borrowed from a modern foreign language (gairaigo), though most often these words are written in katakana ... See list of single character gairaigo for more ... which is the classification used when a gairaigo term is written as a compound (2 or more characters) ...
Gairaigo - Reborrowings From Japanese
... Further information Reborrowing Some gairaigo words have been reborrowed into their original source languages, particularly in the jargon of fans of Japanese entertainment ... For example, anime (アニメ) is gairaigo derived from the English word for "animation", but has been reborrowed by English with the meaning of "Japanese animation" ...
List Of Gairaigo And Wasei-eigo Terms
... This is a selected list of gairaigo, Japanese words originating or based on foreign language (generally Western) terms, including wasei-eigo (Japanese pseudo-Anglicisms) ... language, these loans are not generally considered gairaigo ... See the list of Japanese terms mistaken for gairaigo for details of words or terms mistaken for foreign loan words and false cognates ...