The Fundamentalist–Modernist Controversy was a religious controversy in the 1920s and 30s within the Presbyterian Church in the United States of America that later created divisions in most American Christian denominations as well. The major American denomination was torn by conflict over the issues of theology and ecclesiology. Underneath those struggles lay profound concerns about the role of Christianity in the culture and how that role was to be expressed.
Read more about Fundamentalist–Modernist Controversy: Overview, The Doctrinal Deliverance of 1910 (a.k.a. The Five Fundamentals), The Fundamentals and "Back To Fundamentals", Ecumenism, 1908–21, "Shall The Fundamentalists Win?" (1922), The Auburn Affirmation (1923–24), The General Assembly of 1925, The Scopes Trial (1925), The Special Commission of 1925 and The General Assembly of 1926, The Battle For Princeton Theological Seminary, 1926–29, Foreign Missions 1930–36, Legacy
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... When the outcome of the Fundamentalist–Modernist Controversy brought the Presbyterians into the camp willing to accommodate modernism, this left the Southern Baptists as the only mainstream ... The controversy also sheds some light on the differences between "fundamentalist" and "evangelical" Christianity fundamentalists are those like Machen who in the 1920s and 1930s ...
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