Free Speech Zone
Free speech zones (also known as First Amendment Zones, Free speech cages, and Protest zones) are areas set aside in public places for political activists to exercise their right of free speech in the United States. The First Amendment to the United States Constitution states that "Congress shall make no law... abridging... the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances." The existence of free speech zones is based on U.S. court decisions stipulating that the government may regulate the time, place, and manner—but not content—of expression. A free speech zone is more restrictive than an exclusion zone.
The Supreme Court has developed a four-part analysis to evaluate the constitutionality of time, place and manner (TPM) restrictions. To pass muster under the First Amendment, TPM restrictions must be neutral with respect to content, narrowly drawn, serve a significant government interest, and leave open alternative channels of communication. Application of this four-part analysis varies with the circumstances of each case, and typically requires lower standards for the restriction of obscenity and fighting words.
Free speech zones have been used at a variety of political gatherings. The stated purpose of free speech zones is to protect the safety of those attending the political gathering, or for the safety of the protesters themselves. Critics, however, suggest that such zones are "Orwellian", and that authorities use them in a heavy-handed manner to censor protesters by putting them literally out of sight of the mass media, hence the public, as well as visiting dignitaries. Though authorities generally deny specifically targeting protesters, on a number of occasions, these denials have been contradicted by subsequent court testimony. The American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) has filed, with various degrees of success and failure, a number of lawsuits on the issue.
The most prominent examples were those created by the United States Secret Service for President George W. Bush and other members of his administration. Free speech zones existed in limited forms prior to the Presidency of George W. Bush; it was during Bush's presidency that their scope has been greatly expanded.
Many colleges and universities earlier instituted free speech zone rules during the Vietnam-era protests of the 1960s and 1970s. In recent years, a number of them have revised or removed these restrictions following student protests and lawsuits.
Other articles related to "free, speech, free speech zone, free speech zones, zones, free speech":
... of 1918, a party called the Freier Ausschuss für einen deutschen Arbeiterfrieden ("Free Committee for a German Workers' Peace") was created in Bremen ... it declared that the "national community" must be judenfrei ("free of Jews") ... Hitler's first speech was held in the Hofbräukeller, where he spoke in front of 111 people as the second speaker of the evening ...
... Free speech zones (also known as First Amendment Zones, Free speech cages, and Protest zones) are areas set aside in public places for citizens of the United States engaged in ... a redress of grievances." The existence of free speech zones is based on court decisions that stipulate the government may regulate the time, place, and ... TPM restrictions, as these are known, are only lawful when they treat all speech equally - for example, persons on all sides of an issue must be ...
... Face it Lindsay, they've won" when the protesters are forced out of the "free speech zone." This is a reference to the Freaks and Geeks episode "The Little Things," in which Allen (a ... Free speech zone - Lindsay is put in a "free speech zone," a large cage, during her protest ... The free speech zone is placed in a remote location the same thing occurred in Pittsburgh on Labor Day in 2002 ...
... During the 2005 WTO Hong Kong Ministerial Conference, over 10,000 protesters were present ... Wan Chai Sports Ground and Wan Chai Cargo Handling Basin were designated as protest zones ...
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