Fragmentation (cell Biology)
In cell biology, fragmentation is the breaking apart of cells or cell organelles into smaller parts. There are two major ways in which fragmentation is useful for a cell: DNA cloning and apoptosis. DNA cloning is important in asexual reproduction or creation of identical DNA molecules, and can be performed spontaneously by the cell or intentionally by laboratory researchers. Apoptosis is the programmed destruction of cells, and the DNA molecules within them, and is a highly regulated process. These two ways in which fragmentation is used in cellular processes describe normal cellular functions and common laboratory procedures performed with cells. However, problems within a cell can sometimes cause fragmentation that results in irregularities such as red blood cell fragmentation and sperm cell DNA fragmentation.
Other articles related to "fragmentation, cells":
... DNA fragmentationcan occur under certain conditions in a few different cell types ... This can lead to problems for a cell,or it may lead to a cell receiving a signal to undergo apoptosis ... Below are a couple of examples of irregular fragmentationthat can occur in cells ...