Fourth generation warfare (4GW) is conflict characterized by a blurring of the lines between war and politics, soldier and civilian.
The term was first used in 1989 by a team of United States analysts, including William S. Lind, to describe warfare's return to a decentralized form. In terms of generational modern warfare, the fourth generation signifies the nation states' loss of their near-monopoly on combat forces, returning to modes of conflict common in pre-modern times.
The simplest definition includes any war in which one of the major participants is not a state but rather a violent non-state actor. Classical examples, such as the slave uprising under Spartacus or the assassination of Julius Caesar by members of the Roman senate, predate the modern concept of warfare and are examples of this type of conflict.
As such, fourth generation warfare uses classical tactics—tactics deemed unacceptable by traditional modern thinking—to weaken the advantaged opponent's will to win.
Other articles related to "generation, warfare, fourth generation warfare, fourth generation, generations":
... Generation name, variously zibei or banci, is one of the characters in a traditional Chinese name, and is so called because each member of a generation (i.e ... siblings and cousins of the same generation) share that character, unlike surnames or given names ... Where used, generation names were usually given only to males, although this does vary from lineage to lineage and has changed over time ...
... Marine officer who is considered a specialist in counter-insurgency warfare ... Hammes' first paper on fourth generation warfare appeared in the Marine Corps Gazette in 1994 he developed a book-length treatment while a senior ... Both Hammes and William Lind make use of the term "fourth generation warfare", however Hammes considers it more of a "framework for study" rather than a ...
... The term generation is sometimes applied to a cultural movement, or more narrowly defined group than an entire demographic ... Some examples include The Beat Generation, a popular American cultural movement that most social scholars say laid the foundation of the pro-active ... The Beat Generation is between the Silent Generation and the Baby Boomers ...
... Americas and ex-defense minister of Venezuela, accused the United States of waging a fourth generation war against Hugo Chavez's Bolivarian Revolution in 2005 ...
... Generation Type Birth years Formative era Late Medieval Saeculum Arthurian Generation Hero (Civic) 1433–1460 (27) Unraveling Retreat from France Humanist Generation Artist (Adaptive) 1461–1482 (21 ... Generation Hero (Civic) 1901–1924 (23) Unraveling World War I/Prohibition Silent Generation Artist (Adaptive) 1925–1942 (17) Crisis Great Depression/World War II Millennial ... the chart, the Civil War came about ten years too early the adult generations allowed the worst aspects of their generational personalities to come through and the Progressives grew up scarred ...
Famous quotes containing the words warfare, fourth and/or generation:
“The transformation of the impossible into reality is always the mark of a demonic will. The only way to recognize a military genius is by the fact that, during the war, he will mock the rules of warfare and will employ creative improvisation instead of tested methods and he will do so at the right moment.”
—Stefan Zweig (18811942)
“For the Lord thy God is a jealous God among you.”
—Bible: Hebrew Deuteronomy, 6:15.
The words are also found in Exodus 20:5, referring to the second commandment: Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image ... for I the Lord thy God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation of them that hate me.
“We were that generation called silent, but we were silent neither, as some thought, because we shared the periods official optimism nor, as others thought, because we feared its official repression. We were silent because the exhilaration of social action seemed to many of us just one more way of escaping the personal, of masking for a while that dread of the meaningless which was mans fate.”
—Joan Didion (b. 1935)