The foundation of Moldavia (in Romanian chronicles Descălecatul Moldovei) is linked by medieval chronicles to Dragoş, a Romanian nobleman from Maramureş (then in the Kingdom of Hungary, now in Romania and Ukraine). However, Dragoş took possession of the province in the name of the king of Hungary in the 1350s. Therefore, as an autonomous state – the second independent Romanian principality after Wallachia – Moldavia was established some years later by Bogdan I the Founder, another Romanian nobleman from Maramureş, who proclaimed himself independent of the kingdom.
But the existence of incipient states in the territory of the future Moldavia – that is in the region between the Eastern Carpathian Mountains, the lower branch of the Siret River, the Black Sea (Romanian: Marea Neagră), and the river Dniester (Romanian: Nistru) – is well documented by medieval sources even before the foundation of the principality. The process of political unification, however, was slower here than in Wallachia, because Moldavia was more exposed to the attacks and plunders of nomad peoples, such as the Pechenegs, the Cumans, and the Mongols.
After 1242, the territories between the Carpathians and the Dniester were under direct Mongol control. The formation of Moldavia took place within the external context created by the offensive of Poland and Hungary against the Golden Horde (the westernmost part of the Mongol Empire) from the 1340s. First a defensive border province was established in northern Moldavia by King Louis I which was ruled by Dragoş. Later, the local boyars rose up against Dragoş’s descendants, and the latter’s opponent, Bogdan I the Founder seized the throne. Afterward, none of the military campaigns undertaken by King Louis I could force Bogdan’s allegiance, and thus the independent Moldavia was created.
The initial centre of Moldavia was located in the Moldova River basin. The territories to the south of the central region fell under the jurisdiction of the voivodes or princes of Moldavia towards the end of the 14th century. The first silver and bronze coins were minted in the principality in 1377. The Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople acknowledged the Metropolitan See of Moldavia, after years of negotiations, in 1401.
Read more about Foundation Of Moldavia: Last Centuries of The Early Middle Ages, Incipient States in Moldavia in Medieval Documents, Towards The Establishment of A Defensive Border Province, 'Dismounting' By Dragoş, Bogdan I The Founder, After The Foundation of The Independent Principality
Other articles related to "foundation of moldavia, moldavia, of moldavia":
... In the 1360s, Moldavia still comprised a minuscule area between the rivers Prut and Siret ... At that time, a late Mongol state still continued to survive in the southern regions of Moldavia ... included in the “Wallachian country” constituted in the southern regions of Moldavia ...
Famous quotes containing the words foundation of and/or foundation:
“The ability to secure an independent livelihood and honorable employ suited to her education and capacities is the only true foundation of the social elevation of woman, even in the very highest classes of society. While she continues to be educated only to be somebodys wife, and is left without any aim in life till that somebody either in love, or in pity, or in selfish regard at last grants her the opportunity, she can never be truly independent.”
—Catherine E. Beecher (18001878)
“The foundation of humility is truth. The humble man sees himself as he is. If his depreciation of himself were untrue,... it would not be praiseworthy, and would be a form of hypocrisy, which is one of the evils of Pride. The man who is falsely humble, we know from our own experience, is one who is falsely proud.”
—Henry Fairlie (19241990)