Coal is the most abundant fossil fuel on the planet. It is a relatively cheap fuel, with some of the largest deposits in regions that are relatively stable politically, such as China, India and the United States. This contrasts with natural gas and petroleum, the largest deposits of which are located in the politically volatile Persian Gulf. Solid coal cannot directly replace natural gas or petroleum in most applications, petroleum is mostly used for transportation and the natural gas not used for electricity generation is used for space, water and industrial heating. Coal can be converted to gas or liquid fuel, but the efficiencies and economics of such processes can make them unfeasible. Vehicles or heaters may require modification to use coal-derived fuels. Coal can produce more pollution than petroleum or natural gas.
As of 2009 the largest coal-fired power station is Taichung Power Plant in Taiwan. The world's most energy-efficient coal-fired power plant is the Avedøre Power Station in Denmark. One of world's least energy-efficient coal-fired power plants is the Hazelwood Power Station in Victoria, Australia.
Read more about this topic: Fossil-fuel Power Station
Other articles related to "coal":
... Coal seams are also exposed in some badlands, so historically, coal mining districts have developed in badlands areas ... of this is the Drumheller district of the Red Deer River in Alberta, where the Atlas Coal Mine historical site preserves the last of 139 mines that operated in the badlands ...
... See also Economy of Nigeria Nicknamed the Coal City, Enugu's economy in the early 20th century depended on coal mining in the Udi plateau this industry was the pushing force towards the city's ... The Nigerian Coal Corporation has been based in Enugu since its creation in 1950 where it controlled coal mining ... brought widespread devastation that forced a decline in coal production from damage or destruction of equipment ...
... White coal is a form of fuel produced by drying chopped wood over a fire ... White coal was used in England to smelt lead ore from the mid-sixteenth to the late seventeenth centuries ... White coal could be use mixed with charcoal for other industrial uses than lead smelting ...
... basin and the Benue trough and has the best developed coal in this area ... Precambrian basement rock in this region is overlaid with sediments bearing coal from the Cretaceous and Tertiary age ... Coal seams in the Enugu coal district measure between 1 and 2 metres (3.3 and 6.6 ft) in thickness and the reserves have been estimated to be more than 300 million tonnes ...
... Imports of Coal by Country and year (million short tons) Country 2010 ... Share Japan 199.7 209.0 206.0 182.1 206.7 17.5% China 42.0 56.2 44.5 151.9 195.1 16.6% South Korea ...
Famous quotes containing the word coal:
“In those days, the blag slag, the waste of the coal pits, had only begun to cover the side of our hill. Not enough to mar the countryside nor blacken the beauty of our village. For the colliery had only begun to poke its skinny black fingers between the green.”
—Philip Dunne (19081992)
“This island is made mainly of coal and surrounded by fish. Only an organizing genius could produce a shortage of coal and fish at the same time.”
—Aneurin Bevan (18971960)
“... gathering news in Russia was like mining coal with a hatpin.”
—Mary Heaton Vorse (18741966)