Fort Ticonderoga

Fort Ticonderoga, formerly Fort Carillon, is a large 18th-century star fort built by the Canadians and the French at a narrows near the south end of Lake Champlain in upstate New York in the United States. It was constructed by Canadien Michel Chartier de Lotbinière, Marquis de Lotbinière between 1754 and 1757 during the Seven Years' War, often referred to as the French and Indian War in the USA. It was of strategic importance during the 18th-century colonial conflicts between Great Britain and France, and again played a role during the American Revolutionary War.

The site controlled a river portage alongside the mouth of the rapids-infested La Chute River in the 3.5 miles (5.6 km) between Lake Champlain and Lake George and was strategically placed in conflicts over trade routes between the British-controlled Hudson River Valley and the French-controlled Saint Lawrence River Valley. The terrain amplified the importance of the site. Both lakes were long and narrow, oriented north–south, as were the many ridge lines of the Appalachian Mountains extending as far south as Georgia, creating the near-impassable mountainous terrains to the east and west of the Great Appalachian Valley that the site commanded. The name "Ticonderoga" comes from the Iroquois word tekontaró:ken, meaning "it is at the junction of two waterways".

During the 1758 Battle of Carillon, 4,000 French defenders were able to repel an attack by 16,000 British troops near the fort. In 1759, the British returned and drove a token French garrison from the fort merely by occupying high ground that threatened the fort. During the American Revolutionary War, the fort again saw action in May 1775 when the Green Mountain Boys and other state militia under the command of Ethan Allen and Benedict Arnold captured it in a surprise attack. Cannons captured were transported to Boston where their deployment forced the British to abandon the city in March 1776. The Americans held it until June 1777, when British forces under General John Burgoyne again occupied high ground above the fort and threatened the Continental Army troops, leading them to withdraw from the fort and its surrounding defenses. The only direct attack on the fort took place in September 1777, when John Brown led 500 Americans in an unsuccessful attempt to capture the fort from about 100 British defenders.

The British abandoned the fort following the failure of the Saratoga campaign, and it ceased to be of military value after 1781. It fell into ruin, leading people to strip it of some of its usable stone, metal, and woodwork. It became a stop on tourist routes of the area in the 19th century. Its private owners restored the fort early in the 20th century. A foundation now operates the fort as a tourist attraction, museum, and research center.

Read more about Fort Ticonderoga:  Geography and Early History, Construction, Analysis, Tourist Attraction, Memorials

Other articles related to "fort ticonderoga, fort, ticonderoga":

Barzillai Lew - American Revolutionary War - Fort Ticonderoga and Burgoyne's Surrender
... In September 1777, Varnum's militia was ordered to Fort Ticonderoga and the company marched to reinforce the Northern army ... American General Horatio Gates at Saratoga, after the Siege of Fort Ticonderoga (1777) ...
Bernard Romans - Revolutionary War Activities
... Romans was appointed a captain by the Connecticut Committee of Safety, with a charge to take Fort Ticonderoga and nearby British fortifications ... Greene took command of the large body of troops headed for Fort Ticonderoga, Romans' company was sent to capture Fort George on Lake George, a neglected post which surrendered without a fight ... Romans went on to Ticonderoga, where he helped assess the ammunition that had been captured ...
Ticonderoga, New York - Communities and Locations in Ticonderoga
... of Lake George on County Road 5, southwest of Ticonderoga hamlet ... Fort Ticonderoga – The historic fort that figured in two colonial wars ... Fort Ticonderoga Station – A location southeast of Ticonderoga hamlet on the east side of Mount Defiance ...
Fort Ticonderoga - Memorials
... The name Ticonderoga has been given to five different U.S ... The fort was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1960 ... Included in the landmarked area are the fort itself, as well as Mount Independence and Mount Defiance ...
Siege Of Fort Ticonderoga (1777)
... The 1777 Siege of Fort Ticonderoga occurred between 2 and 6 July 1777 at Fort Ticonderoga, near the southern end of Lake Champlain in the state of New York ... General John Burgoyne's 8,000-man army occupied high ground above the fort, and nearly surrounded the defences ... Clair, to withdraw from Ticonderoga and the surrounding defences ...

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