Folk psychology, or commonsense psychology, is the natural capacity to explain and predict the behavior and mental states of other people. Processes and items encountered in daily life such as pain, pleasure, excitement and anxiety use common linguistic terms as opposed to technical or scientific jargon.
Folk psychology and analogy are linked. The easiest way to describe something is through references to familiar items. In this way, the union between analogy and folk psychology was inevitable.
Traditionally, the study of folk psychology has focused on how everyday people—those without formal training in the various academic fields of science—go about attributing mental states. This domain has primarily been centred on intentional states reflective of an individual's beliefs and desires; each described in terms of everyday language and concepts such as “beliefs”, "desires”, “fear”, and “hope".
Other articles related to "folk psychology, folk, psychology":
... Some philosophers simply argue that folk-psychology is a quite successful theory ... Fodor is one of the objectors that believes in folk psychology's success as a theory, because it makes for an effective way of communication in everyday ... Furthermore, the eliminativist's claim that folk psychology cannot explain phenomena such as mental disorders or many memory processes has become often the objector's premise, namely that it is not at all ...
... based on these and other criteria, commonsense "folk" psychology has failed and will eventually need to be replaced with explanations derived from the neurosciences ... Simulation theorists, like Robert Gordon and Alvin Goldman argue that folk psychology is not a theory, but rather depends on internal simulation of others, and ... Jerry Fodor, among others, argues that folk psychology is, in fact, a successful (even indispensable) theory ...
... There is significant debate over whether folk psychology is useful for academic purposes specifically whether it can be relevant with regards to the scientific psychology domain ... as an inevitable progression towards a more comprehensive field of psychology ... provide another advantage of conceptualizing folk psychology with their Mixture Model of Categorization ...
Famous quotes containing the words psychology and/or folk:
“Whatever else American thinkers do, they psychologize, often brilliantly. The trouble is that psychology only takes us so far. The new interest in families has its merits, but it will have done us all a disservice if it turns us away from public issues to private matters. A vision of things that has no room for the inner life is bankrupt, but a psychology without social analysis or politics is both powerless and very lonely.”
—Joseph Featherstone (20th century)
“I think that Richard Nixon will go down in history as a true folk hero, who struck a vital blow to the whole diseased concept of the revered image and gave the American virtue of irreverence and skepticism back to the people.”
—William Burroughs (b. 1914)