Flotta

Flotta is a small island in Orkney, Scotland, lying in Scapa Flow. The island is known for its large oil terminal and is linked by Orkney Ferries to Houton on the Orkney Mainland and Lyness and Longhope on Hoy.

At the turn of the 20th century, the island was a quiet rural community like many other small islands of Orkney, but its sheltered location led to three major upheavals in the island in the century.

Until 1914, Flotta was a quiet farming community. In 1910, a population of 431 included two blacksmiths, four carpenters and three dressmakers. But everything changed with the arrival of the Royal Navy in Scapa Flow at the start of World War I. There is a photograph held by the Imperial War Museum in London that shows a boxing match taking place on Flotta in front of a wartime audience of 10,000 people.

During World War I, the island was home to a naval base. The dreadnought HMS Vanguard sank nearby in 1917, reputedly the worst maritime disaster in UK waters. In WW2, the island was again used as a military base.

1918 saw the mass exodus of Navy personnel, and 1939 saw their return. After the second world war the island had good piers and facilities, but a slowly declining population. It took until 1970 for fresh water to be piped to the island from Hoy.

In 1974, Occidental Petroleum started construction of the island's oil terminal. This became the second largest major oil terminal serving the UK North Sea, the largest being Sullom Voe in Shetland. It took only two years from the start of construction until the first of the crude oil was pumped into the terminal, during which thousands of workers were posted at the "camp" in Flotta to complete the facility as Britain's thirst for oil was growing by the day. It provides the landing for the Piper and Claymore fields pipeline system. In addition, it provides a safe facility for the receipt and trans-shipment of oil produced from the UK Atlantic margins.

The island has an approximate current population of 90 people. In June 2010, the island had to close the community primary school because there were no children of that age left on the island.

Other articles related to "flotta":

Piper Alpha - Piper Oil Field
... OPCAL built the Flotta oil terminal in the Orkney Islands to receive and process oil from the fields Piper, Claymore and Tartan, each with its own platform. 0.762 m) diameter main oil pipeline ran 128 miles (206 kilometres) from Piper Alpha to Flotta, with a short oil pipeline from the Claymore platform joining it some ... field also fed oil to Claymore and then onto the main line to Flotta ...
Flotta, Shetland
... Flotta is an island off the south west of Mainland, Shetland ... Islands Burra (West-East) Cheynies Hildasay/Hildesay Flotta Greena Green Holm Hoy Lady's Holm Langa Linga Little Holm North Havra Oxna Papa (West Head of Papa) St Ninian's Isle South Havra Trondra Coordinates 60°11 ...
Sounds Of Scotland - Orkney
... and Mainland Orkney Sound of Hoxa between South Ronaldsay and Flotta Switha Sound between Switha and Flotta The North Sound between Westray and Sanday Water Sound between Burray and South Ronaldsay Weddell Sound ...
Calf Of Flotta
... The Calf of Flotta is a small island in Scapa Flow, Orkney ... The Calf is next to Flotta, with "Calf" deriving from Old Norse/Norn and meaning a smaller island by a larger one ...
Piper Oilfield
... where it is refined at a purpose-built refinery on the island of Flotta, in the Orkney Islands ... OPCAL built the Flotta oil terminal in the Orkney Islands to receive and process oil from the Piper, Claymore and Tartan fields, each with its own platform ... oil pipeline run 128 miles (206 km) from Piper Alpha to Flotta, with a short oil pipeline from the Claymore platform joining it some 20 miles (32 km) to the west ...