Flash Memory - Low-level Access

Low-level Access

The low-level interface to flash memory chips differs from those of other memory types such as DRAM, ROM, and EEPROM, which support bit-alterability (both zero to one and one to zero) and random access via externally accessible address buses.

NOR memory has an external address bus for reading and programming. For NOR memory, reading and programming are random-access, and unlocking and erasing are block-wise. For NAND memory, reading and programming are page-wise, and unlocking and erasing are block-wise.

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Flash Memory - Low-level Access - Standardization
... Interface Working Group (ONFI) has developed a standardized low-level interface for NAND flash chips ...

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