The total effect, obtained by summing the three components up, is given by the following expression :
where is the total angular momentum ( if and otherwise). It is worth noting that this expression was first obtained by A. Sommerfeld based on the old Bohr theory, i.e., before the modern quantum mechanics was formulated.
Read more about this topic: Fine Structure
Other articles related to "effect, total effect":
... In the diagram shown above, the indirect effect is the product of path coefficients "A" and "B" ... The direct effect is the coefficient "C" ... The total effect measures the extent to which the dependent variable changes when the independent variable increases by one unit ...
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