In the land-based field artillery, the field artillery team is organized to direct and control indirect artillery fire on the battlefield. Since World War I, to conduct indirect artillery fire, three distinct components have evolved in this organization: the forward observer (or FO), the fire direction center (FDC) and what is called the gun line (the actual guns themselves). On the battlefield, the field artillery team consists of some combinations of all of the these elements. In other words there may be multiple FOs calling in fire on multiple targets to multiple FDCs and any component may be in communication with some of the other elements depending on the situational requirements.
Other articles related to "field artillery team, field artillery, artillery":
... Modern field artillery (post–World War I) has three distinct parts the forward observer (or FO), the fire direction center (FDC) and the actual guns themselves ... However in more advanced artillery units, this data is relayed through a digital radio link ... Other parts of the field artillery team include meteorological analysis to determine the temperature, humidity and pressure of the air and wind direction and speed at different altitudes ...
... Artillery gunners are taught how to use direct fire to engage a target such as mounted or dismounted troops attacking them ... In such a case, however, the artillery crews are able to see what they are shooting at ... With indirect fire, in normal artillery missions, the crews manning the guns cannot see their target directly, or observers are doing that work for them ...
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