Feminist economics is the critical study of economics including its methodology, epistemology, history and empirical research, attempting to overcome pervasive androcentric (male and patriarchal) biases. It focuses on topics of particular relevance to women, such as care work or occupational segregation (exclusion of women and minorities from certain fields); deficiencies of economic models, such as disregarding intra-household bargaining; new forms of data collection and measurement such as the Gender Empowerment Measure (GEM), and more gender-aware theories such as the capabilities approach. Feminist economics ultimately seeks to produce a more gender inclusive economics.
Feminist economists call attention to the social constructions of traditional economics, questioning the extent to which it is positive and objective, and showing how its models and methods are biased towards masculine preferences. Since economics is traditionally focused on topics said to be "culturally masculine" such as autonomy, abstraction and logic, feminist economists call for the inclusion of more feminine topics such as family economics, connections, concreteness, and emotion, and show the problems caused by exclusion of those topics. Inclusion of such topics has helped create policies that have reduced gender, racial, and ethnic discrimination and inequity, satisfying normative goals central to all economics.
Many scholars including Ester Boserup, Marianne Ferber, Julie A. Nelson, Marilyn Waring and Nancy Folbre have contributed to feminist economics. By the 1990s it had become recognised as an established field within economics.
Other articles related to "feminist economists, economists, feminists":
... A small, but growing number of graduate programs around the world offer courses and concentrations in feminist economics ... (Unless otherwise noted below, these offerings are in departments of economics.) American University School of Public Policy and Administration at Carleton University Colorado State University Institute of Social Studies Gender Institute of the London School of Economics Makerere University University of Massachusetts Amherst The Masters in Applied Economics and Public Policy programs at the University of Massachusetts Boston University of Nebraska–Lincoln The New School for Social Research University of Reading Roosevelt University Department of Women's and Gender Studies at Rutgers University Discipline of Political Economy at the University of Sydney University of Utah Wright State University York University (Toronto) ...
... Many feminist economists challenge the perception that only "objective" (often presumed to be quantitative) data are valid ... Instead, they say economists should enrich their analysis by using data sets generated from other disciplines or through increased use of qualitative methods ... Additionally, many feminist economists propose utilizing non-traditional data collection strategies such as "utilizing growth accounting frameworks, conducting empirical tests of economic theories ...
... The idea that marriages are like firms can be found in the work of New Home economists, Marxists, and feminists ... Some Marxists and feminists view marriage of woman and man as analogous to the employment relationship in a capitalist society ... is similar to a case of wife's exploitation by husband, as formulated by Marxist-feminist economists ...
Famous quotes containing the words economists and/or feminist:
“I thought ten thousand swords must have leaped from their scabbards to avenge even a look that threatened her with insult. But the age of chivalry is gone. That of sophisters, economists and calculators has succeeded; and the glory of Europe is extinguished forever.”
—Edmund Burke (17291797)
“... the Black woman in America can justly be described as a slave of a slave.”
—Frances Beale, African American feminist and civil rights activist. The Black Woman, ch. 14 (1970)