The FBI Ten Most Wanted Fugitives is a most wanted list maintained by the United States Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI). The list arose from a conversation held in late 1949 between J. Edgar Hoover, Director of the FBI, and William Kinsey Hutchinson, International News Service (the predecessor of the United Press International) Editor-in-Chief, who were discussing ways to promote capture of the FBI's "toughest guys". This discussion turned into a published article, which received so much positive publicity that on March 14, 1950, the FBI officially announced the list to increase law enforcement's ability to capture dangerous fugitives.
Individuals are generally only removed from the list if the fugitive is captured, dies, or if the charges against them are dropped; they are then replaced by a new entry selected by the FBI. In six cases, the FBI removed individuals from the list after deciding that they were no longer a "particularly dangerous menace to society". Víctor Manuel Gerena, added to the list in 1984, has been on the list longer than anyone, at 28 years. Billie Austin Bryant spent the shortest amount of time on the list, being listed for two hours in 1969. Fidel Urbina is the person most recently listed. On rare occasions, the FBI will add a "Number Eleven" if that individual is extremely dangerous but the Bureau does not feel any of the current ten should be removed.
The list is commonly posted in public places such as post offices. In some cases, fugitives on the list have turned themselves in on becoming aware of their listing. As of June 5, 2012, 497 fugitives have been listed, eight of them women, and 466 (94%) captured or located, 154 (31%) of them due to public assistance. The FBI maintains other lists of individuals, including the Most Wanted Terrorists, along with crime alerts, missing persons, and other fugitive lists.
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Famous quotes containing the words wanted, ten and/or fbi:
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Since nothing ever happened. That, of course, was the miracle
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—John Ashbery (b. 1927)
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“Has anyone ever told you that you overplay your various roles rather severely, Mr. Kaplan? First youre the outraged Madison Avenue man who claims hes been mistaken for someone else. Then you play the fugitive from justice, supposedly trying to clear his name of a crime he knows he didnt commit. And now you play the peevish lover stung by jealously and betrayal. It seems to me you fellows could stand a little less training from the FBI and a little more from the Actors Studio.”
—Ernest Lehman (b.1920)