Farm Gate

Farm Gate was the code name for an American air force mission in Vietnam.

In the early 1960s, the U.S. armed forces were developing units specifically designed to counter guerrilla warfare. The first unit in the USAF of this nature was the 4400th Combat Crew Training Squadron code named "Jungle Jim" that were later renamed the 1st Air Commando Wing (after the similarly-named 1st Air Commando Group which served in the China Burma India Theater of World War II). The squadron specialized in tactics used to support friendly ground forces in small, 'brush fire' conflicts. In October 1961, John F. Kennedy authorized the deployment of a detachment of Air Commandos to South Vietnam. The 4400th CCTS headed from their home at Eglin Air Force Base to Southeast Asia. Their mission was to train the Vietnam Air Force using older aircraft in support of the type of conflict they were facing. Crews were trained to fly the T-28 Trojan, C-47 Skytrain and B-26 Invader. The code name for the 4400th CCTS and its mission was Farm Gate.

While the aircraft involved in the Farm Gate operation were often piloted by American "advisers," for training purposes, it was required by Washington that a South Vietnamese national be part of the crew on board any combat missions. In the event an aircraft did get shot down in hostile territory, the presence of an Asian crewman would be enough to dodge potential accusations of violating the Geneva Accords (actual interpretation of this regulation was somewhat liberal, however). There were some reports of hapless South Vietnamese enlisted men being thrown into the back seats of T-28s and flown into combat by American pilots after having been told not to touch anything in the cockpit. The gradual but dramatic expansion of Operation Farm Gate reflected the increasing involvement of the United States in Vietnam.

After the escalation of the war as a result of the Gulf of Tonkin incident, the Farm Gate detachment was no longer required to fly under South Vietnamese colors. Their aircraft began carrying full U.S. markings and the detachment became known as the 1st Air Commando Squadron (and later as the 1st Special Operations Squadron).

Other articles related to "farm gate, farm, farms":

Douglas A-26 Invader - Operational History - Service With The USAF in Southeast Asia
... operated in South Vietnam under Project "Farm Gate" ... These aircraft, initially drawn from Farm Gate stocks, were returned upon the end of these missions ... of the Vietnam War with the USAF, but with Vietnamese markings as part of Project Farm Gate ...
Farm Gate Value
... The farm gate value of a cultivated product in agriculture or aquaculture is the net value of the product when it leaves the farm, after marketing costs have been subtracted ... Since many farms do not have significant marketing costs, it is often understood as the price of the product at which it is sold by the farm (the farm gate price) ... The farm gate value is typically lower than the retail price consumers pay in a store as it does not include costs for shipping, handling, storage, marketing, and profit ...
Bien Hoa Air Base - USAF Use During The Vietnam War - Det. 2 4400th Combat Crew Training Squadron
2 of the 4400th Combat Crew Training Squadron, code named "Farm Gate" ... The Farm Gate pilots launched with VNAF escorts and delivered their ordnance, but, when mission reports were reviewed, the crews were told not to conduct independent air operations ... new regulations directing that all Farm Gate missions would include at least one South Vietnamese national on board every aircraft ...
Bien Hoa Air Base - USAF Use During The Vietnam War - 34th Tactical Group
... the need for an increase in personnel, it would absorb the Farm Gate men and equipment ... the 1st Air Commando Squadron was activated and Farm Gate was subsumed ... today traces much of its lineage to Farm Gate ...

Famous quotes containing the words gate and/or farm:

    You, mistress,
    That have the office opposite to Saint Peter,
    And keeps the gate of hell!
    William Shakespeare (1564–1616)

    His farm was “grounds,” and not a farm at all;
    His house among the local sheds and shanties
    Rose like a factor’s at a trading station.
    Robert Frost (1874–1963)