The term farming covers a wide spectrum of agricultural production work. At one end of this spectrum is the subsistence farmer, who farms a small area with limited resource inputs, and produces only enough food to meet the needs of his family. At the other end is commercial intensive agriculture, including industrial agriculture. Such farming involves large fields and/or numbers of animals, large resource inputs (pesticides, fertilizers, etc.), and a high level of mechanization. These operations generally attempt to maximize financial income from grain, produce, or livestock.
Traditionally, the goal of farming was to work collectively as a community to grow and harvest crops that could be grown in mass such as wheat, maize, squash, and other cash crops. Centuries later these same farmers took charge of livestock, and began growing food exclusively for the feeding of livestock as well as for the community. With the growth of civilization the farmer's focus changed from basic survival to that of financial gain. In smaller towns on the outset of civilization the farmer did retain the need to grow their own food, but the financially minded farmer was largely spreading. With the Renaissance came the plantation, a farm primarily worked by others primarily for the gain of the plantation's owner. Then came a new age of industry where the farm could be staffed by fewer people and big machines. This meant a complete revolution for farming.
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Other articles related to "farming":
... Dairy farming is also important with most milk being supplied to the Glanbia group ... There is also beef or livestock farming ... Minority forms of farming include bull breeding (Hereford) and poultry ...
... The economic focus then shifted from mixed farming to wheat from the 1840s and a wheat mill was established in the area ... The farmers moved their focus to market gardening, dairy farming, hay production and the building of hay presses ...
... Note 'Straid Corn Mill' is actually from Straid, Ballymena and not as suggested here, from the village of Straid, Ballyclare. ...
... economy quickly became centered around the farming of tobacco for sale in Europe ... The need for cheap labor to help with the growth of tobacco, and later with the mixed farming economy that developed when tobacco prices collapsed, led to a rapid ... This helped drive the expansion of interior farming towns like Frederick and Maryland's major port city of Baltimore ...
... Most of the villagers depend upon farming ... business like Horticulture, Poultry Farming, and Fast money farming like seasonal farming ...
Famous quotes containing the word farming:
“With the farming of a verse
Make a vineyard of the curse,”
—W.H. (Wystan Hugh)
“... farming conservatism, which consisted in holding that whatever is, is bad, and any change is likely to be worse.”
—George Eliot [Mary Ann (or Marian)
“The measure discriminates definitely against products which make up what has been universally considered a program of safe farming. The bill upholds as ideals of American farming the men who grow cotton, corn, rice, swine, tobacco, or wheat and nothing else. These are to be given special favors at the expense of the farmer who has toiled for years to build up a constructive farming enterprise to include a variety of crops and livestock.”
—Calvin Coolidge (18721933)