In some animals, including mammals, the extracellular fluid can be divided into two major subcompartments, interstitial fluid and blood plasma. The extracellular fluid also includes the transcellular fluid; making up only about 2.5 percent of the ECF.
In humans, the normal glucose concentration of extracellular fluid that is regulated by homeostasis is approximately 5 mM.
The pH of extracellular fluid is tightly regulated by buffers around 7.4.
The volume of ECF is typically 15L (of which 12L is interstitial fluid and 3L is plasma)
Other articles related to "extracellular fluid":
... It is poorer in proteins, as compared to intracellular fluid. ...
... The kidneys, by regulating the blood composition, also controls the extracellular fluid homeostasis ... The volume of extracellular fluid is maintained by adjustments made by the kidneys to the osmolality to the blood ...
... They perform several homeostatic functions such as- Maintain volume of extracellular fluid Maintain ionic balance in extracellular fluid Maintain pH and osmotic ...
Famous quotes containing the word fluid:
“On and on eternally
Shall your altered fluid run,
Bud and bloom and go to seed;
But your singing days are done;”
—Edna St. Vincent Millay (18921950)