Eric Allan Dolphy, Jr. (June 20, 1928 – June 29, 1964) was an American jazz alto saxophonist, flutist, and bass clarinetist. On a few occasions, he also played the clarinet, piccolo, and baritone saxophone. Dolphy was one of several multi-instrumentalists to gain prominence in the 1960s. He was also the first important bass clarinet soloist in jazz, and among the earliest significant flute soloists.
His improvisational style was characterized by the use of wide intervals, in addition to using an array of extended techniques to reproduce human- and animal-like effects which almost literally made his instruments speak. Although Dolphy's work is sometimes classified as free jazz, his compositions and solos were often rooted in conventional (if highly abstracted) tonal bebop harmony and melodic lines that suggest the influences of modern classical composers Béla Bartók and Igor Stravinsky.
Other articles related to "eric dolphy":
... The quartet of Mingus, Eric Dolphy, Ted Curson and Dannie Richmond was Mingus' core working band at the time, and had been performing the material on this album for weeks at ... and telepathic interplay by Ted Curson and Eric Dolphy ... Eric Dolphy plays alto saxophone on this version, and would record many more on bass clarinet when he rejoined Mingus in 1964 ...
... Great Concert of Charles Mingus (1964) Revenge! (1964) Charles Mingus Sextet with Eric Dolphy Cornell 1964 (1964) Complete Live In Amsterdam (1964) Complete Bremen Concert (1964) Astral ...
... Philly Joe Jones, Sonny Rollins, Slide Hampton, Eric Dolphy, J ... Together with Eric Dolphy, Hubbard was the only 'session' musician who appeared on both Olé and Africa/Brass, Coltrane's first album with ABC/Impulse! Later, in ... albums from that era, including, Oliver Nelson's The Blues and the Abstract Truth, Eric Dolphy's Out to Lunch, Herbie Hancock's Maiden Voyage, and Wayne Shorter's Speak No Evil ...
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“...I discovered that I could take a risk and survive. I could march in Philadelphia. I could go out in the street and be gay even in a dress or a skirt without getting shot. Each victory gave me courage for the next one.”
—Martha Shelley, U.S. author and social activist. As quoted in Making History, part 3, by Eric Marcus (1992)