Ephialtes of Trachis

Ephialtes of Trachis (Ancient Greek: Ἐφιάλτης, Ephialtēs; although Herodotus spelled it as Ἐπιάλτης, Epialtes) was the son of Eurydemus of Malis. He betrayed his homeland, in hope of receiving some kind of reward from the Persians, by showing the Persian forces a path around the allied Greek position at the pass of Thermopylae, which helped them win the Battle of Thermopylae in 480 BC.

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Ephialtes Of Trachis - Name
... Ephialtes is used as a synonym for traitor in modern Greek, in a comparable fashion to the usage of the words quisling or Judas in the English language or Benedict Arnold in the US ... Also, in modern Greek, "ephialtes" means nightmare ...