Some observers contend that the much talked about idea of "energy independence" is an unrealistic and opaque concept. They offer "energy resilience" as a more sensible goal and more aligned with economic, security and energy realities. The notion of resilience in energy was detailed in the 1982 book Brittle Power: Energy Strategy for National Security. The authors argued that simply switching to domestic energy would be no more secure inherently because the true weakness is the interdependent and vulnerable energy infrastructure of the United States. Key aspects such as gas lines and the electrical power grid are centralized and easily susceptible to major disruption. They conclude that a "resilient energy supply" is necessary for both national security and the environment. They recommend a focus on energy efficiency and renewable energy that is more decentralized.
More recently former Intel Corporation Chairman and CEO Andrew Grove has touted energy resilience, arguing that complete independence is infeasible given the global market for energy. He describes energy resilience as the ability to adjust to interruptions in the supply of energy. To this end he suggests the U.S. make greater use of electricity. Electricity can be produced from a variety of sources. A diverse energy supply will be less impacted by the disruption in supply of any one source. He reasons that another feature of electrification is that electricity is "sticky" – meaning the electricity produced in the U.S. is more likely to stay there because it cannot be transported overseas. According to Grove, a key aspect of advancing electrification and energy resilience will be converting the U.S. automotive fleet from gasoline-powered to electric-powered. This, in turn, will require the modernization and expansion of the electrical power grid. As organizations such as the Reform Institute have pointed out, advancements associated with the developing smart grid would facilitate the ability of the grid to absorb vehicles en masse connecting to it to charge their batteries.
Read more about this topic: Energy Development
Other articles related to "resilience":
Resilience is the ability of a material to absorb energy when it is deformed elastically, and release that energy upon unloading. The modulus of resilience is defined as the maximum energy that can be absorbed per unit volume without creating a permanent distortion. It can be calculated by integrating the stress-strain curve from zero to the elastic limit. In uniaxial tension,
where U is the modulus of resilience, σ is the yield strength, and E is the Young's modulus.
... Social-ecological resilience is defined as the capacity of a system to cope with perturbations such as climate change or economic shocks and to rebuild and continue to develop itself ... Loss of ecosystem resilience can lead to the consequent loss of valuable ecosystem services, which in turn may lead to rapid and dramatic transitions or shifts in for instance people, ecosystems, knowledge ... The resilience approach is closely linked to the aspect of change, be it gradual or sudden ...
... Strategic resilience, therefore, requires continuous innovation with respect to product structures, processes, but also corporate behaviour ... Renewal can be regarded as the natural consequence of a supply network’s innate strategic resilience ...
... The Stockholm Resilience Centre is an international research centre at Stockholm University that focuses on the resilience of social-ecological systems ... It also offers a Masters programmes on social-ecological resilience and has its own PhD Research school ... Research at the Stockholm Resilience Centre is transdisciplinary but organized within the followin areas Adaptive governance, knowledge generation and social networks studies how the different aspects of ...
... Soil resilience refers to the ability of a soil to resist or recover their healthy state in response to destabilising influences - this is a subset of a notion of environmental resilience ... This overview provides a discussion of soil resilience in the context of its formation and development over pedological time and what resilience means in terms of human expectations and practices ...
Famous quotes containing the word resilience:
“Toddlers who dont learn gradually about disappointment lose their resilience through lack of practice in give-and-take with other peoples needs. They can become self-centered, demanding, and difficult to like or to be with.”
—Alicia F. Lieberman (20th century)