Empathetic - Gender Differences

Gender Differences

The issue of gender differences in empathy is quite controversial. It is often believed that females are more empathic than males. Evidence for gender differences in empathy are important for self-report questionnaires of empathy in which it is obvious what was being indexed (e.g., impact of social desirability and gender stereotypes) but are smaller or nonexistent for other types of indexes that are less self-evident with regard to their purpose. On average female subjects score higher than males on the Empathy Quotient (EQ), while males tend to score higher on the Systemizing Quotient (SQ).

Both males and females with Autistic Spectrum Disorders usually score higher on the SQ (Baron-Cohen, 2003). However, a series of recent studies, using a variety of neurophysiological measures, including MEG, spinal reflex excitability, and electroencephalography have documented the presence of a gender difference in the human mirror neuron system, with female participants exhibiting stronger motor resonance than male participants. In addition, these aforementioned studies found that female participants scored higher on empathy self-report dispositional measures and that these measures positively correlated with the physiological response. However, other studies show that women do not possess greater empathic abilities than men, and perceived gender differences are the result of motivational differences. Using fMRI, neuroscientist Tania Singer showed that empathy-related neural responses are significantly lower in males when observing an "unfair" person experiencing pain.

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Other articles related to "gender, differences, gender differences":

Language And Gender - Studies of Language and Gender
... intonation, and "weak" directives, among others (see also Speech practices associated with gender, below) ... such as Lakoff's have been labeled the "deficit approach," since they posit that one gender is deficient in terms of the other ... of language change based on social and gendered opportunity, lexical and phonological differences, and the idea of genderlects and gender roles influence language ...
Small Talk - Gender Differences
... By contrast, men's small talk tends to be more competitive ... It may feature verbal sparring matches, playful insults, and putdowns ...
Male–female Income Disparity In The United States - Sources of The Gender Gap - Gender Differences in Perceived Pay Entitlement
... According to Serge Desmarais and James Curtis, the "gender gap in pay is related to gender differences in perceptions of pay entitlement." Similarly, Major et al ... argue that gender differences in pay expectations play a role in perpetuating non-performance related pay differences between women and men ... However, gender-related status manipulation has no impact on men's elevated wage entitlement ...
Sex And Psychology - Personality Tests
... Cross-cultural research has shown gender differences on the domains and facets of the Big Five personality traits ... Gender differences in personality traits are largest in prosperous, healthy, and egalitarian cultures in which women have more opportunities that are equal to those of men ... Differences in the magnitude of sex differences between more or less developed world regions were due to differences between men not women in these respective regions ...

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