2009 Presidential Election
The 2009 Iranian presidential election was held on 12 June 2009 in Iran, the tenth presidential election to be held in the country. The President of Iran is the highest official elected by direct, popular vote, but does not control foreign policy or the armed forces. Candidates have to be vetted by the Guardian Council, a twelve member body consisting of six clerics (selected by Iran's Supreme Leader), and six lawyers (proposed by the head of Iran's judicial system and voted in by the Parliament).
With two-thirds of the votes counted, the Islamic Republic News Agency, Iran's official news agency, announced that the incumbent Mahmoud Ahmadinejad had won the election with 66% of the votes cast, while Mir-Hossein Mousavi received 33% of the votes cast. The opposition candidates disputed the results amid widespread speculations of vote rigging and sought a re-election with due process; this was followed by popular street protests and its subsequent crackdown by the government. The European Union said it was "concerned about alleged irregularities" during the vote, and some analysts and journalists from United States and United Kingdom based media expressed doubts about the authenticity of the results.
An alleged official letter by the Ministry of Interior, addressed to the Supreme Spiritual Leader Ali Khamenei, presented completely different results. According to this letter, reformist candidate Mir-Hossein Mousavi would have won the first round with about 19 million votes, followed by the other reformist candidate Mehdi Karrubi with about 13 million votes. Incumbent president Mahmoud Ahmadinejad would have obtained only 5.6 million votes.
|Iranian presidential election, 2009|
|Alliance of Builders||Mahmoud Ahmadinejad (inc.)||24,527,516||62.63%|
|Green Movement||Mir-Hossein Mousavi||13,216,411||33.75%|
|Moderation and Development||Mohsen Rezaee||678,240||1.73%|
|National Trust||Mehdi Karroubi||333,635||0.85%|
|Blank or invalid votes||409,389||1.05%|
|Sources: Ministry of Interior of Iran|
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