Effect of Spaceflight On The Human Body

Effect Of Spaceflight On The Human Body

Humans are physiologically well-adapted to life on Earth. Consequently, spaceflight has many negative effects on the body. The most significant adverse effects of long-term weightlessness are muscle atrophy and deterioration of the skeleton (spaceflight osteopenia). Other significant effects include a slowing of cardiovascular system functions, decreased production of red blood cells, balance disorders, and a weakening of the immune system. Lesser symptoms include fluid redistribution (causing the "moon-face" appearance typical in pictures of astronauts experiencing weightlessness), loss of body mass, nasal congestion, sleep disturbance, and excess flatulence. Most of these effects begin to reverse quickly upon return to Earth.

The engineering problems associated with leaving Earth and developing space propulsion systems have been examined for over a century, and millions of man-hours of research have been spent on them. In recent years there has been an increase in research on the issue of how humans can survive and work in space for extended and possibly indefinite periods of time. This question requires input from the physical and biological sciences and has now become the greatest challenge (other than funding) facing human space exploration. A fundamental step in overcoming this challenge is trying to understand the effects and impact of long-term space travel on the human body.

Read more about Effect Of Spaceflight On The Human Body:  Studying The Effects of Space On Human Physiology, List of Effects of Space On Human Physiology, Future Prospects

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Effect Of Spaceflight On The Human Body - Future Prospects
... The sum of human experience has resulted in the accumulation of 58 solar years in space and a much better understanding of how the human body adapts ... of inner and outer planets will require humans to endure longer and longer periods in space ... of short duration and so some of the long-term physiological effects of living in space are still unknown ...

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