Education In Mongolia
Mongolia's education system has undergone major changes in the past century. The educational reforms during communist times were a stark break with traditional education that was often religious and esoteric. These reforms were modeled on Soviet education systems and greatly expanded access to education for Mongolian citizens. Among the changes was a transition from the traditional Mongolian script, from 1941 to 1946, to the Cyrillic alphabet. Literacy was also greatly expanded as most of the population enjoyed free primary school. However, the move to democracy and free markets in the 1990s has had some negative impacts on education in Mongolia, though these setbacks have been ameliorated some by an improving economy and policy reforms. Many adults also benefit from the non-formal distance education programs sponsored by the government in conjunction with foreign NGOs in Mongolia. Today education in Mongolia is overseen by the Ministry of Education, Culture, and Science.
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... Primary education has experienced some turbulence with the rise of free markets and increasing urbanization ... stepped down and free markets were introduced, the Mongolian education system was reformed through decentralization and handing control over to local provincial governments ... Prior to this, the government highly subsidized education Mongolia with education spending consuming 27% of the budget in 1985 (by 1999 this number dropped below 15% of the total budget) ...
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