Economic History of South Africa - Apartheid


In 1948, a government was elected (by the whites alone) that introduced the policy of Apartheid (segregation) that was ostensibly to allow different racial groups to progress in their separate areas. In practice, Apartheid legislated racial division that confirmed white economic and political superiority and ensured that blacks were maintained in subservient positions.

In the two decades following the rise to power of the National Party, whites (particularly Afrikaners) were given an advantage over all other ethnic groups in South Africa through the manipulation of the labour market. During the Fifties, the income hierarchy in South Africa was essentially a racial one, with well-paid employment monopolized by Whites (almost all of whom were reasonably remunerated), Coloureds and Indians in middling class positions, and Black Africans at the bottom. As noted by one historian,

“Full employment, in combination with labour controls, limitations on the free movement and employment of non-whites, and the use of colour bars at company level, contributed to high levels of disposable income for the white population”.

English-speaking South Africans had participated in the discrimination that preceded apartheid, and tacitly supported the legislation while paying lip service to opposing the laws. By so doing apartheid managed to create a system in which black people were pushed to the margins of their land through the imposition of the Land Act of 1913. Repercussions of this act are still felt today; many blacks are unskilled, illiterate, and have low living standards. Their schooling system, the Bantu languages education, was based on the notion that black people cannot progress in scientific subjects, and has resulted in many being excluded from such jobs.

Read more about this topic:  Economic History Of South Africa

Other articles related to "apartheid":

My Song Goes Forth
1937), is the first documentary about South Africa as apartheid was being imposed ... which serves as an advertisement for the birth of apartheid in South Africa but with a conflicting message in the voice-over ... Primarily the documentary has been associated with Robeson and early Anti-Apartheid activism due to his re-editing and rewriting of the films' narration ...
Sporting Boycott Of South Africa During The Apartheid Era - End of Apartheid
... With the end of apartheid, sports rapidly ended their boycotts ... winning of the 1995 Rugby World Cup was a powerful boost to post-apartheid South Africa's return to the international sporting scene ...
South African Institute Of Race Relations - History
... Hofmeyer was an influential liberal who opposed some of the proto-apartheid policies of the time and pursued a pro-British agenda ... Apartheid was formalized and the democracy was structured to favor the National Party, which would maintain rule over South Africa until 1994 ... Opposition to apartheid was routinely demonized as being pro-communist ...
Sporting Boycott Of South Africa During The Apartheid Era
... South Africa under apartheid was subjected to a variety of international boycotts, including on sporting contacts ... was to end segregation in sport, or to end apartheid altogether ...
Apartheid In Popular Culture - Popular Music Referencing Apartheid
... Majek Fashek "Free Nelson Mandela" by The Specials "Sun City" by Artists United Against Apartheid "Township Rebellion" by Rage Against the Machine "Silver and Gold" from the album Rattle and Hum by U2 "Blan ...