East Mountain Teaching denotes the teachings of the Fourth Ancestor Dayi Daoxin, his student and heir the Fifth Ancestor Daman Hongren, and their students of the Chan lineage of China.
East Mountain Teaching gets its name from the East Mountain Temple on 'Shuangfeng' ("Twin Peaks") of Huangmei. The East Mountain Temple was on the easternmost peak of the two. The label "East Mountain Teaching" (Chinese: 東山法門, dong shan fa men) is literally translated as the East Mountain Dharma Gate. It is also translated as the East Mountain School.
The two most famous disciples of Hongren, Dajian Huineng and Yuquan Shenxiu, both were referred as continuing the East Mountain teaching.
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... The teachings of both Daoxin and Hongren became known as the “East Mountain Teachings”, but Hongren was the more prominent of the two ... Hongren, after Daoxin’s death, moved the community of monks to Mount Dong-Shan, “East Mountain”, the easterly of the “twin peaks” ... The teachings of Daoxin and Hongren became known as the “East Mountain Teachings” (tung-shan fa-men) ...
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