According to the theory of recent African origin of modern humans, the mainstream position held within the scientific community, all humans originate from East Africa. Some of the earliest fossilized hominid remains have been found in East Africa, including those found in Awash Valley of Ethiopia, Koobi Fora in Kenya and Olduvai Gorge in Tanzania.
The southern part of East Africa was occupied until recent times by Khoisan hunter-gatherers, whilst in the Ethiopian Highlands the donkey and such crop plants as teff allowed the beginning of agriculture around 7,000 B.C. Lowland barriers and diseases carried by the tsetse fly, however, prevented the donkey and agriculture from spreading southwards. Only in quite recent times has agriculture spread to the more humid regions south of the equator, through the spread of cattle, sheep and crops such as millet. Language distributions suggest that this most likely occurred from Sudan into modern Uganda and the African Great Lakes, since the Nilotic languages spoken by these pre-Bantu farmers have their closest relatives in the middle Nile basin.
Between 2500–3000 years ago, Bantu-speaking peoples began a millennia-long series of migrations eastward from their homeland that is (modernly known as) southern Cameroon across the Rwenzori Mountains. This Bantu expansion introduced agriculture into those parts of East Africa either not reached previously by Nilo-Saharan farmers or too wet for millet. During the following fifteen centuries, the Bantu slowly intensified farming and grazing over all suitable regions of East Africa, in the process making contact with Austronesian- and Arabic-speaking sailors on the southern coastal areas. The latter also spread Islam to the coastal belt, but most Bantu never had contact with Islam and remained animists.
The Bantu expansion was followed by the Nilotic expansion across parts of East Africa during ca. the 14th to 18th centuries.
Other articles related to "east":
... The word east is derived from the Proto-Germanic *aus-to- or *austra- "east, toward the sunrise", from PIE *aus- "to shine," or "dawn" ...
... the 9th MAW replaced the 3rd Marine Aircraft Wing in the role of training East Coast units for combat ... almost disbanded in favor of a Marine Air Training Command, East Coast but that idea was never acted upon ... Aircraft Wing returned to the States and assumed control of Marine aviation units on the East Coast ...
... is contiguous with the neighbourhoods of Brockley to the east, Honor Oak to the south, East Dulwich to the south west, Peckham to the north west and New Cross to the north east ...
... the south, and the IND Crosstown Line (G train) on the east ... The Williamsburg Bridge crosses the East River to the Lower East Side ... As of June 13, 2011, North Williamsburg is served by the East River Ferry to 34th Street Wall Street Area leaving every 20 minutes during rush hour and every hour during the rest of the day ...
Famous quotes containing the words africa and/or east:
“I have a fair amount of faith that women wont sit back and allow South Africa to become a totally male-dominated new society. The women in South Africa have shown that they are strong, and I think they will make their voices heard.”
—Paula Hathorn (b. c. 1962)
“Biography is a very definite region bounded on the north by history, on the south by fiction, on the east by obituary, and on the west by tedium.”
—Philip Guedalla (18891944)