Early Modern Period
In history, the early modern period of modern history follows the or may be like the late Middle Ages. Although the chronological limits of the period are open to debate, the timeframe spans the period after the late portion of the Middle Ages (c. 1500) through the beginning of the Age of Revolutions (c. 1800) and is traditionally demarcated by historians as beginning with the conquest of Constantinople by the Ottoman Empire in 1453 AD. From a global standpoint, the most important feature of the early modern period was its globalizing character — it witnessed the exploration and colonization of the Americas and the rise of sustained contacts between previously isolated parts of the globe. The historical powers became involved in global trade. This world trading of goods, plants, animals, and food crops saw exchange in the Old World and the New World. The Columbian exchange greatly affected almost every society on Earth.
In the world, capitalist economies and institutions became more sophisticated and globally articulated. This process began in the medieval North Italian city-states, particularly Genoa, Venice, and Milan. The early modern period also saw the rise and beginning of the dominance of the economic theory of mercantilism. It also saw the European colonization during the 15th to 19th centuries which resulted in the spread of Christianity around the world.
The early modern trends in various regions of the world represented a shift away from medieval modes of organization, sometimes politically and other-times economically. The period in Europe witnessed the decline of feudalism and includes the Reformation, the disastrous Thirty Years' War, the Commercial Revolution, the European colonization of the Americas, and the Golden Age of Piracy. Ruling China at the beginning of the early modern period, the Ming Dynasty was “one of the greatest eras of orderly government and social stability in human history.” By the 16th century the Ming economy was stimulated by trade with the Portuguese, the Spanish, and the Dutch. The Azuti-Momoyama period in Japan saw the Nanban trade after the arrival of the first European Portuguese.
Other notable trends of the early modern period include the development of experimental science, the shrinkage of relative distances through improvements in transportation and communications, increasingly rapid technological progress, secularized civic politics and the early authoritarian nation states in various regions of the world.
Other articles related to "early modern period, modern, early modern, period, early":
... the best example of a composite monarchy in the early modern period ... Religious warfare proliferated in the early modern period (especially in the 16th and 17th centuries) ... was largely alien to the rest of Europe during the early modern period ...
... As a result, divorce was relatively uncommon in the pre-modern West, particularly in the medieval and early modern period, and husbands in the Roman, later medieval and early modern ... Most influential in the pre-modern West was Roman law, except in the English-speaking world where English common law emerged in the High Middle Ages ... wives' property rights as a result wives' property rights in the pre-modern West varied widely from region to region ...
... The administration of the French state in the early modern period went through a long evolution, as a truly administrative apparatus—relying on old nobility, newer chancellor nobility ("noblesse ... l'état" was however only given six times in this period and Louis XIV himself refused to choose a "prime minister" after the death of Mazarin ... the Middle Ages, but this declined in the early modern period, and by the end of the 18th century, the bailliages served only a judicial function ...
... In modern history, the end of the early period falls in the late eighteenth century, as an Age of Revolutions dawns, beginning with those in North America and ... The end of the early modern period is usually also associated with the Industrial Revolution, which began in Britain in the mid eighteenth century ...
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