Earl Russell

Earl Russell, of Kingston Russell in the County of Dorset, is a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. It was created on 30 July 1861 for the prominent Liberal politician Lord John Russell. He was Home Secretary from 1835 to 1839, Foreign Secretary from 1852 to 1853 and 1859 to 1865 and Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1846 to 1852 and 1865 to 1866. Russell was made Viscount Amberley, of Amberley in the County of Gloucester and of Ardsalla in the County of Meath, at the same time he was given the earldom. A member of the prominent Russell family, he was the third son of John Russell, 6th Duke of Bedford.

He was succeeded by his grandson, the second Earl, the eldest son of John Russell, Viscount Amberley. Lord Russell was one of the first peers to join the Labour Party and held office under Ramsay Macdonald as Under-Secretary of State for India from 1929 to 1931. He was childless and was succeeded by his younger brother, the third Earl, the famous philosopher universally known as Bertrand Russell. His younger son, the fifth Earl (who succeeded his half-brother in 1987), was a noted historian of 17th century England. Russell also sat on the Liberal Democrat benches in the House of Lords and was one of the ninety elected hereditary peers that were allowed to remain in the House of Lords after the passing of the House of Lords Act 1999. As of 2010 the titles are held by his eldest son, the sixth Earl, who succeeded in 2004. As a descendant of the sixth Duke of Bedford he is also in remainder to this peerage and its subsidiary titles.

The eldest son of the earl, the heir apparent to the earldom, normally bears the junior title, Viscount Amberley, as a courtesy title. The eldest son of the first Earl died before his father and so never inherited the earldom, and when "Viscount Amberley" is used without further qualification it is often in reference to him.

Read more about Earl Russell:  Earls Russell (1861)

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... June 18 ... October 1865 Viscount Palmerston John Russell, 1st Earl Russell 1st Earl Russell 29 October 3 ... December 1868 Earl Russell 1865–66 Earl of Derby 1866–68 Benjamin Disraeli 1868 William Ewart ... Gladstone 1892–94 Archibald Primrose, 5th Earl of Rosebery 5th Earl of Rosebery 5 March 6 ... October 1896 Earl of Rosebery 1894–95 Marquess of Salisbury 1895–1902 ... Henry Asquith Paisley (1920-1924) 1st Earl of Oxford and Asquith (1925-1926) 12 February 15 ... October 1926 Andrew Bonar Law 1922–23 Stanley Baldwin 1923–24 Ramsay MacDonald 1924 Stanley ...
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Famous quotes containing the words russell and/or earl:

    Our children shall behold his fame,
    The kindly-earnest, brave, forseeing man,
    Sagacious, patient, dreading praise, not blame,
    New birth of our new soil, the first American.
    —James Russell Lowell (1819–1891)

    Thirty years ago I said, “But how can one be sick?” But now I say, “If only one could find the secret of not being sick, I would not exchange it for all the secrets in the world.”
    Philip Dormer Stanhope, 4th Earl Chesterfield (1694–1773)