The Dutch guilder (Dutch: gulden, ; Frisian: gûne, ; sign: ƒ or fl.) was the currency of the Netherlands from the 17th century until 2002, when it was replaced by the euro. Between 1999 and 2002, the guilder was officially a "national subunit" of the euro. However, physical payments could only be made in guilder, as no euro coins or banknotes were available. The Netherlands Antillean guilder is still in use in Curaçao and Sint Maarten (two countries in the Kingdom of the Netherlands), but this currency is distinct from the Dutch guilder. In 2004, the Surinamese guilder was replaced by the Surinamese dollar.
The Dutch name gulden was a Middle Dutch adjective meaning "golden", and the name indicates the coin was originally made of gold. The symbol ƒ or fl. for the Dutch guilder was derived from another old currency, the florijn, called the florin in English.
The exact exchange rate, still relevant for old contracts and for exchange of the legacy currency for euros at the central bank, is 2.20371 Dutch guilders (NLG) for 1 euro (EUR). Inverted, this gives EUR 0.453780 for NLG 1.
Other articles related to "dutch guilder, guilder, dutch":
... The Chinese translation for "florin" and consequently "guilder" is "盾" (pinyin dùn literally shield) ... This translation was then borrowed to refer similarly to the Dutch florin and guilder ... As a result, currencies in the guilder-based Aruba and Netherlands Antilles are still referred to as "盾" ...
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