Duke of Bedford (named after Bedford, England) is a title that has been created five times in the Peerage of England. The first creation came in 1414 in favour of Henry IV's third son, John, who later served as regent of France. William Russell, 5th Earl of Bedford was made Earl of Kendal at the same time and was made Earl of Richmond later the same year. The titles became extinct on his death in 1435. The second creation came in 1470 in favour of George Neville, nephew of Warwick the Kingmaker. He was deprived of the title by Act of Parliament in 1478. The third creation came 1478 in favour of George, the third son of Edward IV. He died the following year at the age of two. The fourth creation came in 1485 in favour of Jasper Tudor, half-brother of Henry VI and uncle of Henry VII. He had already been created Earl of Pembroke in 1452. However, as a Lancastrian, his title was forfeited between 1461 and 1485 during the predominance of the House of York. He regained the earldom in 1485 when his nephew Henry VII came to the throne and was elevated to the dukedom the same year. He had no legitimate children and the titles became extinct on his death in 1495.
The Russell family currently holds the titles of Earl and Duke of Bedford. John Russell, a close advisor of Henry VIII and Edward VI, was granted the title of Earl of Bedford in 1551, and his descendant William, 5th Earl, was created Duke following the Glorious Revolution.
The subsidiary titles of the Duke of Bedford, all in the Peerage of England, are: Marquess of Tavistock (created 1694), Earl of Bedford (1550), Baron Russell, of Cheneys (1539), Baron Russell of Thornhaugh in the County of Northampton (1603), and Baron Howland, of Streatham in the County of Surrey (1695) (and possibly the Barony of Bedford, which was merged into it in 1138, 1366 or 1414). The courtesy title of the Duke of Bedford's eldest son and heir is Marquess of Tavistock.
The family seat is Woburn Abbey, Bedfordshire. The private mausoleum and chapel of the Russell Family and the Dukes of Bedford is at St. Michael’s Church in Chenies, Buckinghamshire.
Read more about Duke Of Bedford: Dukes of Bedford, First Creation (1414), Dukes of Bedford, Second Creation (1433), Dukes of Bedford, Third Creation (1470), Dukes of Bedford, Fourth Creation (1478), Dukes of Bedford, Fifth Creation (1485), Earls of Bedford (1551), Dukes of Bedford, Sixth Creation (1694), Line of Succession
Other articles related to "duke of bedford, duke":
2005), only son of the 15th Duke Lord Robin Loel Hastings Russell (b. 1963), second son of the 14th Duke Lord James Edward Herbrand Russell (b. 1975), third and youngest son of the 14th Duke Alexander Charles Robin Russell (b ...
Famous quotes containing the words duke of, bedford and/or duke:
“The thing that impresses me most about America is the way parents obey their children.”
—Edward, Duke of Windsor (18941972)
“When, said Mr. Phillips, he communicated to a New Bedford audience, the other day, his purpose of writing his life, and telling his name, and the name of his master, and the place he ran from, the murmur ran round the room, and was anxiously whispered by the sons of the Pilgrims, He had better not! and it was echoed under the shadow of the Concord monument, He had better not!”
—Henry David Thoreau (18171862)
“For the man who should loose me is dead,
Fighting with the Duke in Flanders,
In a pattern called a war.
Christ! What are patterns for?”
—Amy Lowell (18741925)