Duke Ellington

Duke Ellington

Edward Kennedy "Duke" Ellington (April 29, 1899 – May 24, 1974) was an American composer, pianist, and big-band leader. Ellington wrote over 1,000 compositions. In the opinion of Bob Blumenthal of The Boston Globe, "n the century since his birth, there has been no greater composer, American or otherwise, than Edward Kennedy Ellington." A major figure in the history of jazz, Ellington's music stretched into various other genres, including blues, gospel, film scores, popular, and classical. His career spanned more than 50 years and included leading his orchestra, composing an inexhaustible songbook, scoring for movies, composing stage musicals, and world tours. Several of his instrumental works were adapted into songs that became standards. Due to his inventive use of the orchestra, or big band, and thanks to his eloquence and extraordinary charisma, he is generally considered to have elevated the perception of jazz to an art form on a par with other traditional genres of music. His reputation increased after his death and the Pulitzer Prize Board bestowed on him a special posthumous honor in 1999.

Ellington called his music "American Music" rather than jazz, and liked to describe those who impressed him as "beyond category." These included many of the musicians who were members of his orchestra, some of whom are considered among the best in jazz in their own right, but it was Ellington who melded them into one of the most well-known jazz orchestral units in the history of jazz. He often composed specifically for the style and skills of these individuals, such as "Jeep's Blues" for Johnny Hodges, "Concerto for Cootie" for Cootie Williams, which later became "Do Nothing Till You Hear from Me" with Bob Russell's lyrics, and "The Mooche" for Tricky Sam Nanton and Bubber Miley. He also recorded songs written by his bandsmen, such as Juan Tizol's "Caravan" and "Perdido" which brought the "Spanish Tinge" to big-band jazz. Several members of the orchestra remained there for several decades. After 1941, he frequently collaborated with composer-arranger-pianist Billy Strayhorn, whom he called his "writing and arranging companion." Ellington recorded for many American record companies, and appeared in several films.

Ellington led his band from 1923 until his death in 1974. His son Mercer Ellington, who had already been handling all administrative aspects of his father's business for several decades, led the band until his own death in 1996. At that point, the original band dissolved. Paul Ellington, Mercer's youngest son and executor of the Duke Ellington estate, kept the Duke Ellington Orchestra going from Mercer's death onwards.

Read more about Duke EllingtonEarly Life, Work in Films and The Theater, Personal Life, Legacy

Other articles related to "duke ellington, ellington":

Chronological Classics Complete Discography - 1300 - 1399
1947-51 1318 Charlie Barnet 1319 ... Gene Krupa 1947-49 1320 Duke Ellington 1321 ... Dizzy Gillespie 1322 ... Georgie Auld 1940-45 1323 Oscar Peterson 1950-52 1324 Benny Goodman 1325 ... Lester Young ... Gillespie 1952-53 1348 Joe Venuti 1349 ... Willie "The Lion" Smith 1350 ... Duke Ellington 1952-53 1351 Georgie Auld 1945-46 1352 Louis Armstrong 1952-53 1353 Joe Sullivan 1945-53 1354 Eddie Condon 1951-53 1355. 1395 Stan Getz 1396 ... Benny Goodman 1397 ... Artie Shaw 1398 ... Duke Ellington 1399 ... Oscar Peterson 1952 Vol ...
Louis Armstrong And Duke Ellington: The Great Summit/Complete Sessions
... Louis Armstrong and Duke Ellington The Great Summit/Complete Sessions is a 1961 jazz album by jazz giants Duke Ellington and Louis Armstrong ... small band playing classic compositions by Ellington such as "Mood Indigo" and "Black And Tan Fantasy" ...
Cotton Tail - Notable Recordings
... The Duke Ellington Orchestra, May 2, 1940 Ella Fitzgerald - Ella Fitzgerald Sings the Duke Ellington Songbook (1957) Mel Tormé - Mel Tormé and the Marty Paich Dektette - In Concert Tokyo (1988) Dee Dee ...
Chronological Classics Complete Discography - 800 - 899
1944 803 Lionel Hampton 1942-44 804 Nat King Cole 1943-44 805 Duke Ellington 806 ... Billie Holiday 807 ... Coleman Hawkins 1943-44 808 Garland Wilson 1931-38 809 Hot Lips Page 1940-44. 819 ... Cozy Cole 820 ... Duke Ellington 1940 Vol. 837 ... Duke Ellington 1940-41 838 Fats Waller 839 ... Jack Teagarden 1940-41 840 Ella Fitzgerald 1941-44 841 Meade Lux Lewis 1941-44 842 Coleman Hawkins 843 ... Bessie Smith 1925-27 844 Bunny Berigan 1938-42 ...

Famous quotes containing the word duke:

    When the Prince of Wales [later King George IV] and the Duke of York went to visit their brother Prince William [later William IV] at Plymouth, and all three being very loose in their manners, and coarse in their language, Prince William said to his ship’s crew, “now I hope you see that I am not the greatest blackguard of my family.”
    Horace Walpole (1717–1797)