Dravida Nadu

Dravida Nadu (Tamil: திராவிட நாடு), also known as Dravidistan or Dravidadesa, was the name of a proposed sovereign state for the speakers of the Dravidian languages in South Asia. The major political parties backing the demand were the Justice Party led by E. V. Ramasamy and the Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK) led by C. N. Annadurai.

Initially, the demand of Dravida Nadu proponents was limited to Tamil-speaking region, but later, it was expanded to include other Indian states with Dravidian speakers in majority (Andhra Pradesh, Kerala].) Some of the proponents also included parts of Ceylon (Sri Lanka), Orissa, Karnataka and Maharashtra. Other names for the proposed sovereign state included "South India", "Deccan Federation" and "Dakshinapath".

The movement for Dravida Nadu was at its height from 1940s to 1960s, but due to fears of Tamil hegemony, it failed to find any support outside Tamil Nadu. The States Reorganisation Act 1956, which created linguistic States, weakened the demand further. In 1960, the DMK leaders decided to delete the demand of Dravida Nadu from the party programme at a meeting held in absence of Annadurai. In 1963, the Government of India led by Jawaharlal Nehru, declared secessionism as an illegal act. Subsequently, Annadurai abandoned the claim for Dravida Nadu – now geographically limited to modern Tamil Nadu – completely in 1963.

Read more about Dravida Nadu:  Background, Recognition and Non-recognition, Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam, Decline

Other articles related to "dravida nadu, nadu, dravida":

Justice Party (India) - In Opposition - 1936-44
... Periyar's leadership, the party embraced the secession of Dravidistan (or Dravida Nadu) ... In 1939, Periyar organized the Dravida Nadu Conference for the advocacy of a "separate, sovereign and federal republic of Dravida Nadu" ... Speaking on 17 December 1939, he raised the slogan "Dravida Nadu for Dravidians" replacing the "Tamil Nadu for Tamils" that had been used earlier (since 1938) ...
Dravida Nadu - Decline
... The decline in support for the Dravida Nadu within the DMK can be traced back to as early as the Tiruchi party conference in 1956, when the party decided to compete in the Tamil Nadu state ... Sampath, who was leading a faction within DMK, argued that Dravida Nadu was "not feasible" ... However, the party did state Dravida Nadu as a "long-range goal" during the elections ...
Periyar E. V. Ramasamy - Ideals and Criticisms - Self-Determination of Dravidistan
... when Periyar released the map of the proposed Dravida Nadu, but failed to get British approval ... The concept of Dravida Nadu was later modified down to Tamil Nadu This led to a proposal of a union of the Tamil people of not only South India but including those of Ceylon as well. 1953, Periyar helped to preserve Madras as the capital of Tamil Nadu, which later was the name he substituted for the more general Dravida Nadu ...
C. N. Annadurai - Dravida Nadu
... See also Dravida Nadu During his days in Dravida Kazhagam, Annadurai had supported Periyar's call for an independent Dravida Nadu ... Periyar to join DMK, saw the call for Dravida Nadu as an unrealistic goal ... differences with Annadurai and other leaders on Dravida Nadu, Sampath left the DMK and formed his own party, the Tamil Nationalist Party, in 1961 ...
Birth of Tamil National Party
... Sampath and Annadurai finally gave way on their stands on Dravida Nadu ... Dravida Nadu was envisaged by Periyar E ... Sampath opposed the call for Dravida Nadu and declared that the idea of independent Dravida Nadu was an impossible task to achieve ...