District Railway

The Metropolitan District Railway (commonly known as the District Railway) was a passenger railway that served London from 1868 to 1933. Established in 1864 to complete the inner circle, an underground railway in London, the first part of the line opened using gas-lit wooden carriages hauled by steam locomotives. Initially the Metropolitan Railway operated all services before the District introduced its own trains in 1871. The railway was soon extended westwards through Earl's Court to Fulham, Richmond, Ealing and Hounslow. After completing the inner circle and reaching Whitechapel in 1884, it was extended to Upminster in East London in 1902.

Needing to finance electrification at the beginning of the 20th century, American financier Charles Yerkes took it over and it became part of his Underground Electric Railways Company of London (UERL) group. Electric traction was introduced in 1905, and by the end of the year electric multiple units operated all of the services. On 1 July 1933, the District Railway and the other underground railways of the UERL were merged with the Metropolitan Railway and the capital's tramway and bus operators to form the London Passenger Transport Board.

Today, former District Railway tracks and stations are used by the London Underground's District, Piccadilly and Circle lines.

Other articles related to "district railway, district, railway":

District Railway - Rolling Stock - Electric Multiple Units
... In 1903 the District tested two seven-car trains with different control and brake systems on its unopened line between Ealing and South Harrow ... To allow the District Railway to be electrified orders were placed for 60 x 7-car trains in 1903 ... By 1910 the District required additional rolling stock and ordered cars largely constructed of steel, the first batch arriving in 1911, followed by more in ...
Whitechapel And Bow Railway - History - Construction
... opened in 1902 and linked the Metropolitan District Railway at Whitechapel with the London, Tilbury and Southend Railway at an above-ground junction at Bow, to the west of ... Regular services were provided by the District Railway with joint stock ... traction west of Barking being provided by District Railway's electric locomotives ...
Super Outer Circle - Outer Circle - History
... On 1 February 1872 the London North Western Railway (L NWR) began a railway service between Broad Street and the District Railway station at Mansion House via the North London Railway, Willesden Junction, the ... When the District electrified in 1905, it built electric locomotives to haul the carriages between Earl's Court and Mansion House ... Underground' map between Earl's Court and Uxbridge Road as a District Railway service ...
Stepney Green Tube Station - History
... The station was opened in 1902 by the Whitechapel and Bow Railway, a joint venture between the District Railway and the London, Tilbury and Southend Railway ... The new railway connected the District Railway at Whitechapel with the London, Tilbury and Southend at Bow ... Electrified District Railway services started in 1905 ...
London Underground Main Line Stock - District Railway
... The steam carriages were four wheeled, 29 feet 2 inches (8.89 m) long over the buffers ... First, second and third class compartments were available ...

Famous quotes containing the words railway and/or district:

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    Angela Carter (1940–1992)

    Most works of art, like most wines, ought to be consumed in the district of their fabrication.
    Rebecca West (1892–1983)