Director of The National Clandestine Service

The Director of the National Clandestine Service (D/NCS) is a senior United States government official in the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency who serves as head of the National Clandestine Service (formerly the Directorate of Operations).

The position was established December 1, 1950 and from January 4, 1951 until March 1, 1973 it was known as Deputy Director for Plans (DDP). The position was then known as Deputy Director for Operations (DDO) until 2005 when, under the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004, the position was upgraded to D/NCS.

Director Tenure
Allen W. Dulles January 4, 1951 – August 23, 1951
Frank G. Wisner August 23, 1951 – January 1, 1959
Richard M. Bissell, Jr. January 1, 1959 – February 17, 1962
Richard M. Helms February 17, 1962 – April 28, 1965
Desmond Fitzgerald June 28, 1965 – July 23, 1967
Thomas H. Karamessines July 31, 1967 – February 27, 1973
William E. Colby March 2, 1973 – August 24, 1973
William E. Nelson August 24, 1973 – May 14, 1976
William W. Wells May 15, 1976 – December 31, 1977
John N. McMahon January 11, 1978 – April 12, 1981
Max Hugel May 11, 1981 – July 14, 1981
John H. Stein July 14, 1981 – July 1, 1984
Clair E. George July 1, 1984 – December 1, 1987
Richard F. Stolz January 4, 1988 – December 31, 1990
Thomas A. Twetten January 1, 1991 – December 1993
Hugh E. Price January 1994–1995
David Cohen 1995–1997
Jack G. Downing 1997 – July 1999
James Pavitt August 1999 – June 4, 2004
Stephen Kappes August 2004 – November 2004
Jose A. Rodriguez, Jr. November 16, 2004 – September 30, 2007
Michael Sulick September 30, 2007 – July 2010
John D. Bennett July 2010–present

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    John Michael Hayes (b. 1919)

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    Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803–1882)

    There is all the difference in the world between the criminal’s avoiding the public eye and the civil disobedient’s taking the law into his own hands in open defiance. This distinction between an open violation of the law, performed in public, and a clandestine one is so glaringly obvious that it can be neglected only by prejudice or ill will.
    Hannah Arendt (1906–1975)

    Universal suffrage should rest upon universal education. To this end, liberal and permanent provision should be made for the support of free schools by the State governments, and, if need be, supplemented by legitimate aid from national authority.
    Rutherford Birchard Hayes (1822–1893)

    When General Motors has to go to the bathroom ten times a day, the whole country’s ready to let go. You heard of that market crash in ‘29? I predicted that.... I was nursing a director of General Motors. Kidney ailment, they said; nerves, I said. Then I asked myself, “What’s General Motors got to be nervous about?” “Overproduction,” I says. “Collapse.”
    John Michael Hayes (b. 1919)