A dipole magnet is an electromagnet used in particle accelerators to create a homogeneous magnetic field over some distance. Particle motion in that field will be circular in a plane perpendicular to the field and collinear to the direction of particle motion and free in the direction orthogonal to it. Thus, a particle injected into a dipole magnet will travel on a circular or helical trajectory. By adding several dipole sections on the same plane, the bending radial effect of the beam increases.
In accelerator physics, dipole magnets are used to realize bends in the design trajectory (or 'orbit') of the particles, as in circular accelerators. Other uses include:
- Injection of particles into the accelerator
- Ejection of particles from the accelerator
- Correction of orbit errors
- Production of synchrotron radiation
Other uses of dipole magnets include isotope mass measurement in mass spectrometry, and particle momentum measurement in particle physics.
Such magnets are also used in traditional televisions, which contain a cathode ray tube, which is essentially a small particle accelerator. Their magnets are called deflecting coils. The magnets move a single spot on the screen of the TV tube in a controlled way all over the screen.
Other articles related to "dipole magnet":
... The main tracking system is placed before and after the dipole magnet ... Tracker Turicensis, a silicon strip detector located before the LHCb dipole magnet The Outer Tracker ... A straw-tube based detector located after the dipole magnet covering the outer part of the detector acceptance The Inner Tracker, silicon strip based detector located after the dipole magnet ...
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