Dang Deokhuri District - Geography

Geography

This district consists of the larger easterly and upstream portions of parallel Inner Terai valleys, Dang and Deukhuri, plus enclosing ranges of hills and mountains. Downsteam, both valleys cross into Banke District, Bheri Zone.

To the south, the district borders Uttar Pradesh, India—specifically Balarampur and Shravasti districts of Awadh. Because the international border follows the southern edge of the outermost Siwalik foothills called the Dudhwa Range Outer Terai extending onto the main Ganges Plain in this district. The permeable geology of the Siwaliks does not support moisture retention or soil development so they are covered with unproductive scrub forest.

The Dudhwas rise steeply to a crest at about 700 meters then slope down gradually into Deukhuri Valley, to 250 meters at the Rapti River. The Dudhwas extend more than 100 km, causing the Rapti to detour west around them before turning SE down the overall trend of the plains into India. Deukhuri's climate is nearly tropical and it is well watered by the river as well as abundant groundwater.

North of Deukhuri Valley the Dang Range rises to peaks as high as 1,000 meters with passes at about 700 meters. Dang Valley lies north of these hills, at elevations from 600 meters along the Babai River with alluvial slopes gradually rising northward to 700 meters along the base of the Mahabharat Range. Then the district extends upslope to the crest of the Mahabharats at 1,500 to 1,700 meters elevation. Bordering districts to the north are Pyuthan, Rolpa and Salyan.

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