The parliamentary system that was installed created a complicated system of proportional representation, where there were relatively few constituents for each representative. This allowed a great variety of political parties to emerge, with no clear front runner or leading political entity. The fact that many political parties came into the national forum meant that it was nearly impossible for any one party to control the government, until the Communist Party was able to secure nearly fifteen percent of the seats. This flaw of the Constitution meant that the government was at times stalled out and unable to effectively legislate.
The parliament, the National Assembly, was bicameral. The Chamber of Deputies consited of 300 members elected for 6 years. The Senate consisted of 150 members elected for 8 years. Suffrage was exercised by all citizens, of both sexes, over the age of 21 for elections to the lower chamber; and over the age of 26 for elections to the senate. Candidates for the lower chamber had to be at least 30 years of age; and for the senate, at least 45 years of age.
If parliament rejected a government bill, the government could unanimously refer the proposed law to referendum. No recourse was made to this constitutional provision during the first republic.
Read more about this topic: Czechoslovak Constitution Of 1920
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Famous quotes containing the word democracy:
“I swear to the Lord
I still cant see
Why Democracy means
Everybody but me.”
—Langston Hughes (19021967)