Czechoslovak Constitution of 1920 - Parliamentary Democracy

Parliamentary Democracy

The parliamentary system that was installed created a complicated system of proportional representation, where there were relatively few constituents for each representative. This allowed a great variety of political parties to emerge, with no clear front runner or leading political entity. The fact that many political parties came into the national forum meant that it was nearly impossible for any one party to control the government, until the Communist Party was able to secure nearly fifteen percent of the seats. This flaw of the Constitution meant that the government was at times stalled out and unable to effectively legislate.

The parliament, the National Assembly, was bicameral. The Chamber of Deputies consited of 300 members elected for 6 years. The Senate consisted of 150 members elected for 8 years. Suffrage was exercised by all citizens, of both sexes, over the age of 21 for elections to the lower chamber; and over the age of 26 for elections to the senate. Candidates for the lower chamber had to be at least 30 years of age; and for the senate, at least 45 years of age.

If parliament rejected a government bill, the government could unanimously refer the proposed law to referendum. No recourse was made to this constitutional provision during the first republic.

Read more about this topic:  Czechoslovak Constitution Of 1920

Other articles related to "parliamentary democracy, democracy, parliamentary":

Adolf Stoecker - Life
... As Parliamentary democracy spread throughout Germany, and in particular Prussia, Stoecker saw the need for mobilizing grass-roots support for his ... the influence of materialistic radical Marxist Social Democracy among workers ... their ability to use their wealth in influencing the new Parliamentary democracy would be limited, so allowing a chance for Parliamentary democracy to reform the new social order ...
Social Democracy - History - Second International Era, 1889-1914
... One of the key founders of contemporary social democracy was Eduard Bernstein, a proponent of reformist socialism and an adherent of Marxism ... years when Marx and Engels advocated that socialism should be achieved through parliamentary democratic means where-ever possible ... and socialism for disregarding Marx's emphasis on the role of parliamentary democracy in achieving socialism as well as criticizing Kautsky for his idealism of state socialism ...
Constitution Of India - System of Government - Parliamentary Democracy
... The Prime Minister and the Council of Ministers exercise their offices only as long as they enjoy a majority support in the Lok Sabha, the lower house of the Parliament, which consists of members directly elected by the people ... The ministers are answerable to both the houses of the Parliament ...

Famous quotes containing the word democracy:

    I swear to the Lord
    I still can’t see
    Why Democracy means
    Everybody but me.
    Langston Hughes (1902–1967)