According to the official report by the Governor of Petrokov Guberniya, in which Chenstokhov was located, the pogrom started after an altercation between Jewish shopkeeper and a Catholic woman.
A mob attacked the Jewish shops, killing fourteen Jews and one gendarme. The Russian military brought to restore order were stoned by mob. Soldiers then fired and shot two Polish rioters and wounded several others.
Because of its large Jewish community and its importance as a place of pilgrimage for Polish Catholics, Częstochowa was the site of repeated anti-Jewish pogroms. Later anti-Jewish riots occurred on November 15, 1918; May 27, 1919; November 1931; Summer 1933; September 1935; June 19, 1937 and September 20, 1937.