Born in Newtown, Connecticut, Beers moved with his parents to New York City. Obtained a limited education in the public schools. He engaged in mercantile pursuits and also in the lumber business. He moved to Ithaca, New York, in 1821 and engaged in the mercantile business. He served as delegate to the Democratic State convention at Herkimer in 1830. He was appointed commissioner of deeds at Ithaca in 1837.
Beers was elected as a Democrat to the Twenty-fifth Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Andrew DeWitt Bruyn and served from December 3, 1838, to March 3, 1839. He was not a candidate for renomination in 1838. He served as delegate to the New York and Erie Railroad Convention at Ithaca in 1839. He resumed his former business pursuits in Ithaca, New York, where he died June 5, 1850, interment in the City Cemetery.