Cyanocarbons are a chemical compounds that contain several cyanide groups. Such substances generally are classified as organic compounds, since they are formally derived from hydrocarbons by replacing one or more hydrogen atoms with a cyanide. The parent member is C(CN)4 (tetracyanomethane, also known as carbon tetracyanide). Organic chemists often refer to cyanides as nitriles.
In general, cyanide is an electronegative substituent. Thus, for example, cyanide-substituted carboxylic acids tend to be stronger than the parents. The cyanide group also stabilizes anions by delocalizing negative charge as revealed by resonance structures.
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... Cyanocarbon Backbone Structural unit of cyanocarbon molecules During the 1960s and 1970s, CRD developed a program under the direction of Theodore Cairns to synthesize long-chain cyanocarbons ...