Crawley ( pronunciation) is a town and local government district with Borough status in West Sussex, England. It is 28 miles (45 km) south of Charing Cross (London), 18 miles (29 km) north of Brighton and Hove, and 32 miles (51 km) northeast of the county town of Chichester, covers an area of 17.36 square miles (44.96 km2) and had a population of 99,744 at the time of the 2001 Census.

The area has been inhabited since the Stone Age, and was a centre of ironworking in Roman times. Crawley developed slowly as a market town from the 13th century, serving the surrounding villages in the Weald; its location on the main road from London to Brighton brought a passing trade, encouraging the development of coaching inns. It was connected to the railway network in the 1840s.

Gatwick Airport, now one of Britain's busiest international airports, opened on the edge of the town in the 1940s, encouraging commercial and industrial growth. After the Second World War, the British Government planned to move large numbers of people and jobs out of London and into new towns around South East England. The New Towns Act 1946 designated Crawley as the site of one of these. A master plan was developed for the establishment of new residential, commercial, industrial and civic areas, and rapid development greatly increased the size and population of the town in a few decades.

The town comprises 13 residential neighbourhoods based around the core of the old market town, and separated by main roads and railway lines. The nearby communities of Ifield, Pound Hill and Three Bridges were absorbed into the new town at different stages of its development. As of 2009, expansion is planned in the west and northwest of the town, in co-operation with Horsham District Council. Economically, the town has developed into the main centre of industry and employment between London and the south coast of England. A large industrial area supports industries and services, many of which are connected with the airport, and the commercial and retail sectors continue to expand.

Read more about CrawleyGeography, Demography, Economy, Public Services, Transport, Sport and Leisure, Heritage, Education, Media, Twin Town, Notable People

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List Of Places Of Worship In Crawley - History and Development
... around the villages of Three Bridges, Crawley and Ifield was selected by the British Government as the site for one of the developments proposed in the New Towns Act 1946 ... A Gurjar Hindu community became established in Crawley in 1968 and opened a mandir (temple) and community centre in a building in West Green in 1998 ... There is no synagogue in Crawley, although a small Jewish community—followers of the Liberal form of Progressive Judaism—meet regularly ...
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... The constituency of Sussex South and Crawley was one of them ... of Brighton Kemptown, Brighton Pavilion, Crawley, Hove, Mid Sussex, Shoreham, Worthing, although this may not have been true for the whole of its existence ...
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List Of Places Of Worship In Crawley - Religious Affiliation in Crawley
... According to the 2001 United Kingdom Census, 99,744 people lived in Crawley ... as a whole, whereas there are more Muslims and Hindus in Crawley than in England overall 3.1% of people in England are Muslim, and 1.1% are Hindu ...
Crawley, Hampshire
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Famous quotes containing the word crawley:

    “Peace, woman,” Mr. Crawley said, addressing her at last. The bishop jumped out of his chair at hearing the wife of his bosom called a woman. But he jumped rather in admiration than in anger.
    Anthony Trollope (1815–1882)