Cortisol

Cortisol, also known more formally as hydrocortisone (INN, USAN, BAN), is a steroid hormone, more specifically a glucocorticoid, produced by the zona fasciculata of the adrenal gland. It is released in response to stress and a low level of blood glucocorticoids. Its primary functions are to increase blood sugar through gluconeogenesis; suppress the immune system; and aid in fat, protein and carbohydrate metabolism. It also decreases bone formation. Various synthetic forms of cortisol are used to treat a variety of diseases.

Read more about CortisolNormal Levels, Clinical Chemistry, Pharmacology, Health Disparities

Other articles related to "cortisol":

Cortisol Sulfotransferase
... In enzymology, a cortisol sulfotransferase (EC 2.8.2.18) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction 3'-phosphoadenylyl sulfate + cortisol adenosine 3',5'-bisphosphate + cortisol ...
Cortesal - Biochemistry - Biosynthesis
... Cortisol is synthesized from cholesterol ... The name cortisol is derived from cortex.) While the adrenal cortex also produces aldosterone (in the zona glomerulosa) and some sex hormones (in the zona reticularis), cortisol is its main secretion in humans ... cortisol levels.) ...
Critical Illness-related Corticosteroid Insufficiency - Physiology
... In acute states of severe stress, cortisol secretion by the adrenal gland increases up to sixfold, parallel to the severity of the condition ... of corticosteroid-binding globulin (CBG) and albumin, which normally bind cortisol, are decreased, resulting in increased levels of free cortisol ... High blood levels of cortisol during critical illness could theoretically be protective because of several reasons ...
Cortisol O-acetyltransferase
... In enzymology, a cortisol O-acetyltransferase (EC 2.3.1.27) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction acetyl-CoA + cortisol CoA + cortisol 21-acetate Thus ... Other names in common use include cortisol acetyltransferase, corticosteroid acetyltransferase, and corticosteroid-21-O-acetyltransferase ...
Cortisol - Normal Levels - Binding
... Most serum cortisol (all but about 4%) is bound to proteins, including corticosteroid binding globulin (CBG) and serum albumin ... Free cortisol passes easily through cellular membranes, where they bind intracellular cortisol receptors ...