Corporatism

Corporatism, also known as corporativism has more than one meaning. It may refer to political, or social organization that involves association of the people of society into corporate groups, such as agricultural, business, ethnic, labour, military, patronage, or scientific affiliations, on the basis of common interests. Corporatism is theoretically based upon the interpretation of a community as an organic body. The term corporatism is based on the Latin root word "corpus" (plural - "corpora") meaning "body".

In 1881, Pope Leo XIII commissioned theologians and social thinkers to study corporatism and provide a definition for it. In 1884 in Freiburg, the commission declared that corporatism was a "system of social organization that has at its base the grouping of men according to the community of their natural interests and social functions, and as true and proper organs of the state they direct and coordinate labor and capital in matters of common interest".

Corporatism is related to the sociological concept of structural functionalism. Corporate social interaction is common within kinship groups such as families, clans and ethnicities. Aside from humans, certain animal species are known to exhibit strong corporate social organization, such as penguins. Corporatist types of community and social interaction are common to many ideologies, including: absolutism, capitalism, conservatism, fascism, liberalism, progressivism, reactionism, socialism, and syndicalism.

Corporatism may also refer to economic tripartism involving negotiations between business, labour, and state interest groups to establish economic policy. This is sometimes also referred to as neo-corporatism.

Other articles related to "corporatism":

Consociationalism
... Consociationalism is often seen as having close affinities with corporatism some consider it to be a form of corporatism while others claim that economic corporatism was designed to regulate class conflict, while ...
Pluralism (political Theory) - Neo-pluralism - Corporatism
... Corporatism is the idea that a few select interest groups are actually (often formally) involved in the policy formulation process, to the exclusion of ...
Common Types - Corporatism in Politics and Political Economy - Asian Corporatism
... Asian corporatism, as described by Jonathan Unger and Anita Chan in their essay China, Corporatism, and the East Asian Model ...
Nashism - Corporatism
... Andrei Illarionov describes the emerging corporatism in Russia as power in hands of power structures (recently dubbed as "Chekism"), whose ideology he defines by the word "nashism" ("ours-ism") in its most ...
Hilaire Belloc - Writing - History, Politics, Economics
... popular among Fascists, under the name of corporatism ... But original corporatism, sometimes called "paleo-corporatism", was a system that predates capitalism and fascism ... Paleo-corporatism was based around the guilds of the Middle Ages and served to appoint legislators ...