|United States||1,000,000 – 2,500,000|
mostly Protestant (Anglican and Methodist),
also Roman Catholic
Cornish American, Cornish Australian
The Cornish (Cornish: Kernowyon) are a people associated with Cornwall, in the southwest of England, in the United Kingdom, which is seen in some respects as distinct from the rest of England and having more in common with the other Celtic parts of the UK such as Wales as well as with other Celtic nations in Europe. It has been long argued that the Cornish represent a distinct ethnic group within the UK, which can trace its roots to the ancient Britons who inhabited southern and central Great Britain prior to the Roman conquest, and some in the county today continue to assert a distinct identity, separately or in addition to English or British identities. Cornish identity has been adopted by migrants into Cornwall, as well as by emigrant and descendant communities from Cornwall, the latter sometimes referred to as the Cornish diaspora. Although not included as an explicit option in the UK census, the numbers of those claiming Cornish ethnic and national identity are officially recognised and recorded.
Throughout classical antiquity, the ancient Britons formed a series of tribes, cultures and identities in Great Britain; the Dumnonii and Cornovii were the Celtic tribes who inhabited what was to become Cornwall during the Iron Age, Roman and post-Roman periods. The name Cornwall and its demonym Cornish are derived from the Celtic Cornovii tribe. The Anglo-Saxon invasion of Britain in the 5th to 6th centuries pushed Celtic culture to the northern and western fringes of Great Britain. The Cornish people, who shared the Brythonic language with the Welsh, were referred to in the Old English language as the "Westwalas" meaning West Welsh. The Battle of Deorham between the Britons and Anglo-Saxons is thought to have resulted in a loss of landlinks with the people of Wales, and by the time of the Norman Conquest Cornwall had been effectively absorbed into the Kingdom of England.
The Cornish people and their Brythonic Cornish language experienced a process of anglicisation and attrition during the Medieval and early Modern Period. By the 18th century, and following the creation of the Kingdom of Great Britain, the Cornish language and identity had faded, replaced by the English language and British identity. A Celtic revival during the early-20th century enabled a cultural self-consciousness in Cornwall that revitalised the Cornish language and roused the Cornish to express a distinctly Celtic heritage.
In mid 2008, the population of Cornwall, including the Isles of Scilly was estimated to be 534,300. The Cornish self-government movement has called for greater recognition of Cornish culture, politics and language, and urged that Cornish people be accorded greater status, exemplified by the call for them to be one of the listed ethnic groups in the United Kingdom Census 2011 form. The Cornish language was granted official recognition under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages in 2002, but the Cornish are not afforded protection under the Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities.
Other articles related to "cornish people, cornish, people":
... Cornish politics are marked by a long tradition of Liberalism ... Important historical institutions were the Duchy of Cornwall and the Cornish Stannary Courts and Parliaments ... Cornish miners were effectively exempt from the jurisdiction of the law courts at Westminster, except "in such cases as should affect land, life or limb" ...
... Cornish people have also moved to a number of (other) parts of England and the rest of the United Kingdom ... Many Cornish people believe England begins at the River Tamar the areas beyond being regarded as Upcountry, inhabited by "foreigners" ... Historically the surname Cornish/Cornishe/Cornyshe was given to a Cornish person who had left Cornwall and this surname can be found throughout the British Isles ...
... immigration to Great Britain Traditional accounts of Cornish ancestry teach that they are descended from the Celts making them distinct from the English, many (but not all) of whom are descended ... that three quarters of contemporary Y-chromosomes of British people—including the Cornish—originate from hunter-gatherers who settled in Atlantic ... from continental Europe as a consequence of the last ice age, genetic evidence indicates that the people of Great Britain broadly share a common ancestry with the Basque ...
... The Cornish people are concentrated in Cornwall, but after the Age of Discovery in the early modern period were involved in the British colonisation of the Americas and other transcontinental ... In the first half of the 19th century, the Cornish people were leaders in tin and copper smelting, while mining in Cornwall was the people's major occupation ... of mineral deposits brought about an economic decline for Cornish mining lasting half a century, and prompting mass human migration from Cornwall ...
... Cornish Australians are citizens of Australia whose ancestry originates in Cornwall, in England in the United Kingdom, sometimes described as one of the six Celtic Nations ... They form part of the worldwide Cornish diaspora, which also includes large numbers of people in the US, Canada, New Zealand, South Africa, Mexico and many Latin American countries ... Cornish Australians are thought to make up around 4.3 per cent of the Australian population and are thus one of the largest ethnic groups in Australia ...
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